1// Support for concurrent programing -*- C++ -*-
2
3// Copyright (C) 2003-2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4//
5// This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
6// software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
7// terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
8// Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
9// any later version.
10
11// This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
14// GNU General Public License for more details.
15
16// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
17// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
18// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
19
20// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
21// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
22// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
23// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
24
25/** @file ext/concurrence.h
26 * This file is a GNU extension to the Standard C++ Library.
27 */
28
29#ifndef _CONCURRENCE_H
30#define _CONCURRENCE_H 1
31
32#pragma GCC system_header
33
34#include <exception>
35#include <bits/gthr.h>
36#include <bits/functexcept.h>
37#include <bits/cpp_type_traits.h>
38#include <ext/type_traits.h>
39
40namespace __gnu_cxx _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
41{
42_GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_VERSION
43
44 // Available locking policies:
45 // _S_single single-threaded code that doesn't need to be locked.
46 // _S_mutex multi-threaded code that requires additional support
47 // from gthr.h or abstraction layers in concurrence.h.
48 // _S_atomic multi-threaded code using atomic operations.
49 enum _Lock_policy { _S_single, _S_mutex, _S_atomic };
50
51 // Compile time constant that indicates prefered locking policy in
52 // the current configuration.
53 static const _Lock_policy __default_lock_policy =
54#ifdef __GTHREADS
55#if (defined(__GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_2) \
56 && defined(__GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_4))
57 _S_atomic;
58#else
59 _S_mutex;
60#endif
61#else
62 _S_single;
63#endif
64
65 // NB: As this is used in libsupc++, need to only depend on
66 // exception. No stdexception classes, no use of std::string.
67 class __concurrence_lock_error : public std::exception
68 {
69 public:
70 virtual char const*
71 what() const throw()
72 { return "__gnu_cxx::__concurrence_lock_error"; }
73 };
74
75 class __concurrence_unlock_error : public std::exception
76 {
77 public:
78 virtual char const*
79 what() const throw()
80 { return "__gnu_cxx::__concurrence_unlock_error"; }
81 };
82
83 class __concurrence_broadcast_error : public std::exception
84 {
85 public:
86 virtual char const*
87 what() const throw()
88 { return "__gnu_cxx::__concurrence_broadcast_error"; }
89 };
90
91 class __concurrence_wait_error : public std::exception
92 {
93 public:
94 virtual char const*
95 what() const throw()
96 { return "__gnu_cxx::__concurrence_wait_error"; }
97 };
98
99 // Substitute for concurrence_error object in the case of -fno-exceptions.
100 inline void
101 __throw_concurrence_lock_error()
102 { _GLIBCXX_THROW_OR_ABORT(__concurrence_lock_error()); }
103
104 inline void
105 __throw_concurrence_unlock_error()
106 { _GLIBCXX_THROW_OR_ABORT(__concurrence_unlock_error()); }
107
108#ifdef __GTHREAD_HAS_COND
109 inline void
110 __throw_concurrence_broadcast_error()
111 { _GLIBCXX_THROW_OR_ABORT(__concurrence_broadcast_error()); }
112
113 inline void
114 __throw_concurrence_wait_error()
115 { _GLIBCXX_THROW_OR_ABORT(__concurrence_wait_error()); }
116#endif
117
118 class __mutex
119 {
120 private:
121#if __GTHREADS && defined __GTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT
122 __gthread_mutex_t _M_mutex = __GTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT;
123#else
124 __gthread_mutex_t _M_mutex;
125#endif
126
127 __mutex(const __mutex&);
128 __mutex& operator=(const __mutex&);
129
130 public:
131 __mutex()
132 {
133#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT
134 if (__gthread_active_p())
135 __GTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT_FUNCTION(&_M_mutex);
136#endif
137 }
138
139#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_MUTEX_INIT
140 ~__mutex()
141 {
142 if (__gthread_active_p())
143 __gthread_mutex_destroy(&_M_mutex);
144 }
145#endif
146
147 void lock()
148 {
149#if __GTHREADS
150 if (__gthread_active_p())
151 {
152 if (__gthread_mutex_lock(&_M_mutex) != 0)
153 __throw_concurrence_lock_error();
154 }
155#endif
156 }
157
158 void unlock()
159 {
160#if __GTHREADS
161 if (__gthread_active_p())
162 {
163 if (__gthread_mutex_unlock(&_M_mutex) != 0)
164 __throw_concurrence_unlock_error();
165 }
166#endif
167 }
168
169 __gthread_mutex_t* gthread_mutex(void)
170 { return &_M_mutex; }
171 };
172
173 class __recursive_mutex
174 {
175 private:
176#if __GTHREADS && defined __GTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INIT
177 __gthread_recursive_mutex_t _M_mutex = __GTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INIT;
178#else
179 __gthread_recursive_mutex_t _M_mutex;
180#endif
181
182 __recursive_mutex(const __recursive_mutex&);
183 __recursive_mutex& operator=(const __recursive_mutex&);
184
185 public:
186 __recursive_mutex()
187 {
188#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INIT
189 if (__gthread_active_p())
190 __GTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INIT_FUNCTION(&_M_mutex);
191#endif
192 }
193
194#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INIT
195 ~__recursive_mutex()
196 {
197 if (__gthread_active_p())
198 __gthread_recursive_mutex_destroy(&_M_mutex);
199 }
200#endif
201
202 void lock()
203 {
204#if __GTHREADS
205 if (__gthread_active_p())
206 {
207 if (__gthread_recursive_mutex_lock(&_M_mutex) != 0)
208 __throw_concurrence_lock_error();
209 }
210#endif
211 }
212
213 void unlock()
214 {
215#if __GTHREADS
216 if (__gthread_active_p())
217 {
218 if (__gthread_recursive_mutex_unlock(&_M_mutex) != 0)
219 __throw_concurrence_unlock_error();
220 }
221#endif
222 }
223
224 __gthread_recursive_mutex_t* gthread_recursive_mutex(void)
225 { return &_M_mutex; }
226 };
227
228 /// Scoped lock idiom.
229 // Acquire the mutex here with a constructor call, then release with
230 // the destructor call in accordance with RAII style.
231 class __scoped_lock
232 {
233 public:
234 typedef __mutex __mutex_type;
235
236 private:
237 __mutex_type& _M_device;
238
239 __scoped_lock(const __scoped_lock&);
240 __scoped_lock& operator=(const __scoped_lock&);
241
242 public:
243 explicit __scoped_lock(__mutex_type& __name) : _M_device(__name)
244 { _M_device.lock(); }
245
246 ~__scoped_lock() throw()
247 { _M_device.unlock(); }
248 };
249
250#ifdef __GTHREAD_HAS_COND
251 class __cond
252 {
253 private:
254#if __GTHREADS && defined __GTHREAD_COND_INIT
255 __gthread_cond_t _M_cond = __GTHREAD_COND_INIT;
256#else
257 __gthread_cond_t _M_cond;
258#endif
259
260 __cond(const __cond&);
261 __cond& operator=(const __cond&);
262
263 public:
264 __cond()
265 {
266#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_COND_INIT
267 if (__gthread_active_p())
268 __GTHREAD_COND_INIT_FUNCTION(&_M_cond);
269#endif
270 }
271
272#if __GTHREADS && ! defined __GTHREAD_COND_INIT
273 ~__cond()
274 {
275 if (__gthread_active_p())
276 __gthread_cond_destroy(&_M_cond);
277 }
278#endif
279
280 void broadcast()
281 {
282#if __GTHREADS
283 if (__gthread_active_p())
284 {
285 if (__gthread_cond_broadcast(&_M_cond) != 0)
286 __throw_concurrence_broadcast_error();
287 }
288#endif
289 }
290
291 void wait(__mutex *mutex)
292 {
293#if __GTHREADS
294 {
295 if (__gthread_cond_wait(&_M_cond, mutex->gthread_mutex()) != 0)
296 __throw_concurrence_wait_error();
297 }
298#endif
299 }
300
301 void wait_recursive(__recursive_mutex *mutex)
302 {
303#if __GTHREADS
304 {
305 if (__gthread_cond_wait_recursive(&_M_cond,
306 mutex->gthread_recursive_mutex())
307 != 0)
308 __throw_concurrence_wait_error();
309 }
310#endif
311 }
312 };
313#endif
314
315_GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_VERSION
316} // namespace
317
318#endif
319