1// Pointer Traits -*- C++ -*-
2
3// Copyright (C) 2011-2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4//
5// This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
6// software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
7// terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
8// Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
9// any later version.
10
11// This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
14// GNU General Public License for more details.
15
16// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
17// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
18// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
19
20// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
21// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
22// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
23// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
24
25/** @file bits/ptr_traits.h
26 * This is an internal header file, included by other library headers.
27 * Do not attempt to use it directly. @headername{memory}
28 */
29
30#ifndef _PTR_TRAITS_H
31#define _PTR_TRAITS_H 1
32
33#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
34
35#include <bits/move.h>
36
37namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
38{
39_GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_VERSION
40
41 class __undefined;
42
43 // Given Template<T, ...> return T, otherwise invalid.
44 template<typename _Tp>
45 struct __get_first_arg
46 { using type = __undefined; };
47
48 template<template<typename, typename...> class _Template, typename _Tp,
49 typename... _Types>
50 struct __get_first_arg<_Template<_Tp, _Types...>>
51 { using type = _Tp; };
52
53 template<typename _Tp>
54 using __get_first_arg_t = typename __get_first_arg<_Tp>::type;
55
56 // Given Template<T, ...> and U return Template<U, ...>, otherwise invalid.
57 template<typename _Tp, typename _Up>
58 struct __replace_first_arg
59 { };
60
61 template<template<typename, typename...> class _Template, typename _Up,
62 typename _Tp, typename... _Types>
63 struct __replace_first_arg<_Template<_Tp, _Types...>, _Up>
64 { using type = _Template<_Up, _Types...>; };
65
66 template<typename _Tp, typename _Up>
67 using __replace_first_arg_t = typename __replace_first_arg<_Tp, _Up>::type;
68
69 template<typename _Tp>
70 using __make_not_void
71 = typename conditional<is_void<_Tp>::value, __undefined, _Tp>::type;
72
73 /**
74 * @brief Uniform interface to all pointer-like types
75 * @ingroup pointer_abstractions
76 */
77 template<typename _Ptr>
78 struct pointer_traits
79 {
80 private:
81 template<typename _Tp>
82 using __element_type = typename _Tp::element_type;
83
84 template<typename _Tp>
85 using __difference_type = typename _Tp::difference_type;
86
87 template<typename _Tp, typename _Up, typename = void>
88 struct __rebind : __replace_first_arg<_Tp, _Up> { };
89
90 template<typename _Tp, typename _Up>
91 struct __rebind<_Tp, _Up, __void_t<typename _Tp::template rebind<_Up>>>
92 { using type = typename _Tp::template rebind<_Up>; };
93
94 public:
95 /// The pointer type.
96 using pointer = _Ptr;
97
98 /// The type pointed to.
99 using element_type
100 = __detected_or_t<__get_first_arg_t<_Ptr>, __element_type, _Ptr>;
101
102 /// The type used to represent the difference between two pointers.
103 using difference_type
104 = __detected_or_t<ptrdiff_t, __difference_type, _Ptr>;
105
106 /// A pointer to a different type.
107 template<typename _Up>
108 using rebind = typename __rebind<_Ptr, _Up>::type;
109
110 static _Ptr
111 pointer_to(__make_not_void<element_type>& __e)
112 { return _Ptr::pointer_to(__e); }
113
114 static_assert(!is_same<element_type, __undefined>::value,
115 "pointer type defines element_type or is like SomePointer<T, Args>");
116 };
117
118 /**
119 * @brief Partial specialization for built-in pointers.
120 * @ingroup pointer_abstractions
121 */
122 template<typename _Tp>
123 struct pointer_traits<_Tp*>
124 {
125 /// The pointer type
126 typedef _Tp* pointer;
127 /// The type pointed to
128 typedef _Tp element_type;
129 /// Type used to represent the difference between two pointers
130 typedef ptrdiff_t difference_type;
131
132 template<typename _Up>
133 using rebind = _Up*;
134
135 /**
136 * @brief Obtain a pointer to an object
137 * @param __r A reference to an object of type @c element_type
138 * @return @c addressof(__r)
139 */
140 static pointer
141 pointer_to(__make_not_void<element_type>& __r) noexcept
142 { return std::addressof(__r); }
143 };
144
145 /// Convenience alias for rebinding pointers.
146 template<typename _Ptr, typename _Tp>
147 using __ptr_rebind = typename pointer_traits<_Ptr>::template rebind<_Tp>;
148
149 template<typename _Tp>
150 constexpr _Tp*
151 __to_address(_Tp* __ptr) noexcept
152 {
153 static_assert(!std::is_function<_Tp>::value, "not a function pointer");
154 return __ptr;
155 }
156
157#if __cplusplus <= 201703L
158 template<typename _Ptr>
159 constexpr typename std::pointer_traits<_Ptr>::element_type*
160 __to_address(const _Ptr& __ptr)
161 { return std::__to_address(__ptr.operator->()); }
162#else
163 template<typename _Ptr>
164 constexpr auto
165 __to_address(const _Ptr& __ptr) noexcept
166 -> decltype(std::pointer_traits<_Ptr>::to_address(__ptr))
167 { return std::pointer_traits<_Ptr>::to_address(__ptr); }
168
169 template<typename _Ptr, typename... _None>
170 constexpr auto
171 __to_address(const _Ptr& __ptr, _None...) noexcept
172 { return std::__to_address(__ptr.operator->()); }
173
174 /**
175 * @brief Obtain address referenced by a pointer to an object
176 * @param __ptr A pointer to an object
177 * @return @c __ptr
178 * @ingroup pointer_abstractions
179 */
180 template<typename _Tp>
181 constexpr _Tp*
182 to_address(_Tp* __ptr) noexcept
183 { return std::__to_address(__ptr); }
184
185 /**
186 * @brief Obtain address referenced by a pointer to an object
187 * @param __ptr A pointer to an object
188 * @return @c pointer_traits<_Ptr>::to_address(__ptr) if that expression is
189 well-formed, otherwise @c to_address(__ptr.operator->())
190 * @ingroup pointer_abstractions
191 */
192 template<typename _Ptr>
193 constexpr auto
194 to_address(const _Ptr& __ptr) noexcept
195 { return std::__to_address(__ptr); }
196#endif // C++2a
197
198_GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_VERSION
199} // namespace std
200
201#endif
202
203#endif
204