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1/* Copyright (C) 1991-2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
2 This file is part of the GNU C Library.
3
4 The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
5 modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
6 License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
7 version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
8
9 The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
12 Lesser General Public License for more details.
13
14 You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
15 License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
16 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
17
18/*
19 * POSIX Standard: 9.2.2 User Database Access <pwd.h>
20 */
21
22#ifndef _PWD_H
23#define _PWD_H 1
24
25#include <features.h>
26
27__BEGIN_DECLS
28
29#include <bits/types.h>
30
31#define __need_size_t
32#include <stddef.h>
33
34#if defined __USE_XOPEN || defined __USE_XOPEN2K
35/* The Single Unix specification says that some more types are
36 available here. */
37# ifndef __gid_t_defined
38typedef __gid_t gid_t;
39# define __gid_t_defined
40# endif
41
42# ifndef __uid_t_defined
43typedef __uid_t uid_t;
44# define __uid_t_defined
45# endif
46#endif
47
48/* A record in the user database. */
49struct passwd
50{
51 char *pw_name; /* Username. */
52 char *pw_passwd; /* Hashed passphrase, if shadow database
53 not in use (see shadow.h). */
54 __uid_t pw_uid; /* User ID. */
55 __gid_t pw_gid; /* Group ID. */
56 char *pw_gecos; /* Real name. */
57 char *pw_dir; /* Home directory. */
58 char *pw_shell; /* Shell program. */
59};
60
61
62#ifdef __USE_MISC
63# include <bits/types/FILE.h>
64#endif
65
66
67#if defined __USE_MISC || defined __USE_XOPEN_EXTENDED
68/* Rewind the user database stream.
69
70 This function is a possible cancellation point and therefore not
71 marked with __THROW. */
72extern void setpwent (void);
73
74/* Close the user database stream.
75
76 This function is a possible cancellation point and therefore not
77 marked with __THROW. */
78extern void endpwent (void);
79
80/* Read an entry from the user database stream, opening it if necessary.
81
82 This function is a possible cancellation point and therefore not
83 marked with __THROW. */
84extern struct passwd *getpwent (void);
85#endif
86
87#ifdef __USE_MISC
88/* Read a user database entry from STREAM.
89
90 This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
91 cancellation point. But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
92 or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
93 therefore not marked with __THROW. */
94extern struct passwd *fgetpwent (FILE *__stream) __nonnull ((1));
95
96/* Write a given user database entry onto the given stream.
97
98 This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
99 cancellation point. But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
100 or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
101 therefore not marked with __THROW. */
102extern int putpwent (const struct passwd *__restrict __p,
103 FILE *__restrict __f);
104#endif
105
106/* Retrieve the user database entry for the given user ID.
107
108 This function is a possible cancellation point and therefore not
109 marked with __THROW. */
110extern struct passwd *getpwuid (__uid_t __uid);
111
112/* Retrieve the user database entry for the given username.
113
114 This function is a possible cancellation point and therefore not
115 marked with __THROW. */
116extern struct passwd *getpwnam (const char *__name) __nonnull ((1));
117
118#ifdef __USE_POSIX
119
120# ifdef __USE_MISC
121/* Reasonable value for the buffer sized used in the reentrant
122 functions below. But better use `sysconf'. */
123# define NSS_BUFLEN_PASSWD 1024
124# endif
125
126/* Reentrant versions of some of the functions above.
127
128 PLEASE NOTE: the `getpwent_r' function is not (yet) standardized.
129 The interface may change in later versions of this library. But
130 the interface is designed following the principals used for the
131 other reentrant functions so the chances are good this is what the
132 POSIX people would choose. */
133
134# ifdef __USE_MISC
135/* This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
136 cancellation point. But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
137 or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
138 therefore not marked with __THROW. */
139extern int getpwent_r (struct passwd *__restrict __resultbuf,
140 char *__restrict __buffer, size_t __buflen,
141 struct passwd **__restrict __result)
142 __nonnull ((1, 2, 4));
143# endif
144
145extern int getpwuid_r (__uid_t __uid,
146 struct passwd *__restrict __resultbuf,
147 char *__restrict __buffer, size_t __buflen,
148 struct passwd **__restrict __result)
149 __nonnull ((2, 3, 5));
150
151extern int getpwnam_r (const char *__restrict __name,
152 struct passwd *__restrict __resultbuf,
153 char *__restrict __buffer, size_t __buflen,
154 struct passwd **__restrict __result)
155 __nonnull ((1, 2, 3, 5));
156
157
158# ifdef __USE_MISC
159/* Read a user database entry from STREAM. This function is not
160 standardized and probably never will.
161
162 This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
163 cancellation point. But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
164 or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
165 therefore not marked with __THROW. */
166extern int fgetpwent_r (FILE *__restrict __stream,
167 struct passwd *__restrict __resultbuf,
168 char *__restrict __buffer, size_t __buflen,
169 struct passwd **__restrict __result)
170 __nonnull ((1, 2, 3, 5));
171# endif
172
173#endif /* POSIX or reentrant */
174
175#ifdef __USE_GNU
176/* Write a traditional /etc/passwd line, based on the user database
177 entry for the given UID, to BUFFER; space for BUFFER must be
178 allocated by the caller.
179
180 This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
181 cancellation point. But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
182 or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
183 therefore not marked with __THROW. */
184extern int getpw (__uid_t __uid, char *__buffer);
185#endif
186
187__END_DECLS
188
189#endif /* pwd.h */
190

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