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1/* toshiba.c -- Linux driver for accessing the SMM on Toshiba laptops
2 *
3 * Copyright (c) 1996-2001 Jonathan A. Buzzard (jonathan@buzzard.org.uk)
4 *
5 * Valuable assistance and patches from:
6 * Tom May <tom@you-bastards.com>
7 * Rob Napier <rnapier@employees.org>
8 *
9 * Fn status port numbers for machine ID's courtesy of
10 * 0xfc02: Scott Eisert <scott.e@sky-eye.com>
11 * 0xfc04: Steve VanDevender <stevev@efn.org>
12 * 0xfc08: Garth Berry <garth@itsbruce.net>
13 * 0xfc0a: Egbert Eich <eich@xfree86.org>
14 * 0xfc10: Andrew Lofthouse <Andrew.Lofthouse@robins.af.mil>
15 * 0xfc11: Spencer Olson <solson@novell.com>
16 * 0xfc13: Claudius Frankewitz <kryp@gmx.de>
17 * 0xfc15: Tom May <tom@you-bastards.com>
18 * 0xfc17: Dave Konrad <konrad@xenia.it>
19 * 0xfc1a: George Betzos <betzos@engr.colostate.edu>
20 * 0xfc1b: Munemasa Wada <munemasa@jnovel.co.jp>
21 * 0xfc1d: Arthur Liu <armie@slap.mine.nu>
22 * 0xfc5a: Jacques L'helgoualc'h <lhh@free.fr>
23 * 0xfcd1: Mr. Dave Konrad <konrad@xenia.it>
24 *
25 * WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING
26 *
27 * This code is covered by the GNU GPL and you are free to make any
28 * changes you wish to it under the terms of the license. However the
29 * code has the potential to render your computer and/or someone else's
30 * unusable. Please proceed with care when modifying the code.
31 *
32 * Note: Unfortunately the laptop hardware can close the System Configuration
33 * Interface on it's own accord. It is therefore necessary for *all*
34 * programs using this driver to be aware that *any* SCI call can fail at
35 * *any* time. It is up to any program to be aware of this eventuality
36 * and take appropriate steps.
37 *
38 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
39 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
40 * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
41 * later version.
42 *
43 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
44 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
45 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
46 * General Public License for more details.
47 *
48 * The information used to write this driver has been obtained by reverse
49 * engineering the software supplied by Toshiba for their portable computers in
50 * strict accordance with the European Council Directive 92/250/EEC on the legal
51 * protection of computer programs, and it's implementation into English Law by
52 * the Copyright (Computer Programs) Regulations 1992 (S.I. 1992 No.3233).
53 *
54 */
55
56#define TOSH_VERSION "1.11 26/9/2001"
57#define TOSH_DEBUG 0
58
59#include <linux/module.h>
60#include <linux/kernel.h>
61#include <linux/types.h>
62#include <linux/fcntl.h>
63#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
64#include <linux/ioport.h>
65#include <asm/io.h>
66#include <linux/uaccess.h>
67#include <linux/init.h>
68#include <linux/stat.h>
69#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
70#include <linux/seq_file.h>
71#include <linux/mutex.h>
72#include <linux/toshiba.h>
73
74#define TOSH_MINOR_DEV 181
75
76MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
77MODULE_AUTHOR("Jonathan Buzzard <jonathan@buzzard.org.uk>");
78MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Toshiba laptop SMM driver");
79MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("toshiba");
80
81static DEFINE_MUTEX(tosh_mutex);
82static int tosh_fn;
83module_param_named(fn, tosh_fn, int, 0);
84MODULE_PARM_DESC(fn, "User specified Fn key detection port");
85
86static int tosh_id;
87static int tosh_bios;
88static int tosh_date;
89static int tosh_sci;
90static int tosh_fan;
91
92static long tosh_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int,
93 unsigned long);
94
95
96static const struct file_operations tosh_fops = {
97 .owner = THIS_MODULE,
98 .unlocked_ioctl = tosh_ioctl,
99 .llseek = noop_llseek,
100};
101
102static struct miscdevice tosh_device = {
103 TOSH_MINOR_DEV,
104 "toshiba",
105 &tosh_fops
106};
107
108/*
109 * Read the Fn key status
110 */
111#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
112static int tosh_fn_status(void)
113{
114 unsigned char scan;
115 unsigned long flags;
116
117 if (tosh_fn!=0) {
118 scan = inb(tosh_fn);
119 } else {
120 local_irq_save(flags);
121 outb(0x8e, 0xe4);
122 scan = inb(0xe5);
123 local_irq_restore(flags);
124 }
125
126 return (int) scan;
127}
128#endif
129
130
131/*
132 * For the Portage 610CT and the Tecra 700CS/700CDT emulate the HCI fan function
133 */
134static int tosh_emulate_fan(SMMRegisters *regs)
135{
136 unsigned long eax,ecx,flags;
137 unsigned char al;
138
139 eax = regs->eax & 0xff00;
140 ecx = regs->ecx & 0xffff;
141
142 /* Portage 610CT */
143
144 if (tosh_id==0xfccb) {
145 if (eax==0xfe00) {
146 /* fan status */
147 local_irq_save(flags);
148 outb(0xbe, 0xe4);
149 al = inb(0xe5);
150 local_irq_restore(flags);
151 regs->eax = 0x00;
152 regs->ecx = (unsigned int) (al & 0x01);
153 }
154 if ((eax==0xff00) && (ecx==0x0000)) {
155 /* fan off */
156 local_irq_save(flags);
157 outb(0xbe, 0xe4);
158 al = inb(0xe5);
159 outb(0xbe, 0xe4);
160 outb (al | 0x01, 0xe5);
161 local_irq_restore(flags);
162 regs->eax = 0x00;
163 regs->ecx = 0x00;
164 }
165 if ((eax==0xff00) && (ecx==0x0001)) {
166 /* fan on */
167 local_irq_save(flags);
168 outb(0xbe, 0xe4);
169 al = inb(0xe5);
170 outb(0xbe, 0xe4);
171 outb(al & 0xfe, 0xe5);
172 local_irq_restore(flags);
173 regs->eax = 0x00;
174 regs->ecx = 0x01;
175 }
176 }
177
178 /* Tecra 700CS/CDT */
179
180 if (tosh_id==0xfccc) {
181 if (eax==0xfe00) {
182 /* fan status */
183 local_irq_save(flags);
184 outb(0xe0, 0xe4);
185 al = inb(0xe5);
186 local_irq_restore(flags);
187 regs->eax = 0x00;
188 regs->ecx = al & 0x01;
189 }
190 if ((eax==0xff00) && (ecx==0x0000)) {
191 /* fan off */
192 local_irq_save(flags);
193 outb(0xe0, 0xe4);
194 al = inb(0xe5);
195 outw(0xe0 | ((al & 0xfe) << 8), 0xe4);
196 local_irq_restore(flags);
197 regs->eax = 0x00;
198 regs->ecx = 0x00;
199 }
200 if ((eax==0xff00) && (ecx==0x0001)) {
201 /* fan on */
202 local_irq_save(flags);
203 outb(0xe0, 0xe4);
204 al = inb(0xe5);
205 outw(0xe0 | ((al | 0x01) << 8), 0xe4);
206 local_irq_restore(flags);
207 regs->eax = 0x00;
208 regs->ecx = 0x01;
209 }
210 }
211
212 return 0;
213}
214
215
216/*
217 * Put the laptop into System Management Mode
218 */
219int tosh_smm(SMMRegisters *regs)
220{
221 int eax;
222
223 asm ("# load the values into the registers\n\t" \
224 "pushl %%eax\n\t" \
225 "movl 0(%%eax),%%edx\n\t" \
226 "push %%edx\n\t" \
227 "movl 4(%%eax),%%ebx\n\t" \
228 "movl 8(%%eax),%%ecx\n\t" \
229 "movl 12(%%eax),%%edx\n\t" \
230 "movl 16(%%eax),%%esi\n\t" \
231 "movl 20(%%eax),%%edi\n\t" \
232 "popl %%eax\n\t" \
233 "# call the System Management mode\n\t" \
234 "inb $0xb2,%%al\n\t"
235 "# fill out the memory with the values in the registers\n\t" \
236 "xchgl %%eax,(%%esp)\n\t"
237 "movl %%ebx,4(%%eax)\n\t" \
238 "movl %%ecx,8(%%eax)\n\t" \
239 "movl %%edx,12(%%eax)\n\t" \
240 "movl %%esi,16(%%eax)\n\t" \
241 "movl %%edi,20(%%eax)\n\t" \
242 "popl %%edx\n\t" \
243 "movl %%edx,0(%%eax)\n\t" \
244 "# setup the return value to the carry flag\n\t" \
245 "lahf\n\t" \
246 "shrl $8,%%eax\n\t" \
247 "andl $1,%%eax\n" \
248 : "=a" (eax)
249 : "a" (regs)
250 : "%ebx", "%ecx", "%edx", "%esi", "%edi", "memory");
251
252 return eax;
253}
254EXPORT_SYMBOL(tosh_smm);
255
256
257static long tosh_ioctl(struct file *fp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
258{
259 SMMRegisters regs;
260 SMMRegisters __user *argp = (SMMRegisters __user *)arg;
261 unsigned short ax,bx;
262 int err;
263
264 if (!argp)
265 return -EINVAL;
266
267 if (copy_from_user(&regs, argp, sizeof(SMMRegisters)))
268 return -EFAULT;
269
270 switch (cmd) {
271 case TOSH_SMM:
272 ax = regs.eax & 0xff00;
273 bx = regs.ebx & 0xffff;
274 /* block HCI calls to read/write memory & PCI devices */
275 if (((ax==0xff00) || (ax==0xfe00)) && (bx>0x0069))
276 return -EINVAL;
277
278 /* do we need to emulate the fan ? */
279 mutex_lock(&tosh_mutex);
280 if (tosh_fan==1) {
281 if (((ax==0xf300) || (ax==0xf400)) && (bx==0x0004)) {
282 err = tosh_emulate_fan(&regs);
283 mutex_unlock(&tosh_mutex);
284 break;
285 }
286 }
287 err = tosh_smm(&regs);
288 mutex_unlock(&tosh_mutex);
289 break;
290 default:
291 return -EINVAL;
292 }
293
294 if (copy_to_user(argp, &regs, sizeof(SMMRegisters)))
295 return -EFAULT;
296
297 return (err==0) ? 0:-EINVAL;
298}
299
300
301/*
302 * Print the information for /proc/toshiba
303 */
304#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
305static int proc_toshiba_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
306{
307 int key;
308
309 key = tosh_fn_status();
310
311 /* Arguments
312 0) Linux driver version (this will change if format changes)
313 1) Machine ID
314 2) SCI version
315 3) BIOS version (major, minor)
316 4) BIOS date (in SCI date format)
317 5) Fn Key status
318 */
319 seq_printf(m, "1.1 0x%04x %d.%d %d.%d 0x%04x 0x%02x\n",
320 tosh_id,
321 (tosh_sci & 0xff00)>>8,
322 tosh_sci & 0xff,
323 (tosh_bios & 0xff00)>>8,
324 tosh_bios & 0xff,
325 tosh_date,
326 key);
327 return 0;
328}
329#endif
330
331
332/*
333 * Determine which port to use for the Fn key status
334 */
335static void tosh_set_fn_port(void)
336{
337 switch (tosh_id) {
338 case 0xfc02: case 0xfc04: case 0xfc09: case 0xfc0a: case 0xfc10:
339 case 0xfc11: case 0xfc13: case 0xfc15: case 0xfc1a: case 0xfc1b:
340 case 0xfc5a:
341 tosh_fn = 0x62;
342 break;
343 case 0xfc08: case 0xfc17: case 0xfc1d: case 0xfcd1: case 0xfce0:
344 case 0xfce2:
345 tosh_fn = 0x68;
346 break;
347 default:
348 tosh_fn = 0x00;
349 break;
350 }
351
352 return;
353}
354
355
356/*
357 * Get the machine identification number of the current model
358 */
359static int tosh_get_machine_id(void __iomem *bios)
360{
361 int id;
362 SMMRegisters regs;
363 unsigned short bx,cx;
364 unsigned long address;
365
366 id = (0x100*(int) readb(bios+0xfffe))+((int) readb(bios+0xfffa));
367
368 /* do we have a SCTTable machine identication number on our hands */
369
370 if (id==0xfc2f) {
371
372 /* start by getting a pointer into the BIOS */
373
374 regs.eax = 0xc000;
375 regs.ebx = 0x0000;
376 regs.ecx = 0x0000;
377 tosh_smm(&regs);
378 bx = (unsigned short) (regs.ebx & 0xffff);
379
380 /* At this point in the Toshiba routines under MS Windows
381 the bx register holds 0xe6f5. However my code is producing
382 a different value! For the time being I will just fudge the
383 value. This has been verified on a Satellite Pro 430CDT,
384 Tecra 750CDT, Tecra 780DVD and Satellite 310CDT. */
385#if TOSH_DEBUG
386 printk("toshiba: debugging ID ebx=0x%04x\n", regs.ebx);
387#endif
388 bx = 0xe6f5;
389
390 /* now twiddle with our pointer a bit */
391
392 address = bx;
393 cx = readw(bios + address);
394 address = 9+bx+cx;
395 cx = readw(bios + address);
396 address = 0xa+cx;
397 cx = readw(bios + address);
398
399 /* now construct our machine identification number */
400
401 id = ((cx & 0xff)<<8)+((cx & 0xff00)>>8);
402 }
403
404 return id;
405}
406
407
408/*
409 * Probe for the presence of a Toshiba laptop
410 *
411 * returns and non-zero if unable to detect the presence of a Toshiba
412 * laptop, otherwise zero and determines the Machine ID, BIOS version and
413 * date, and SCI version.
414 */
415static int tosh_probe(void)
416{
417 int i,major,minor,day,year,month,flag;
418 unsigned char signature[7] = { 0x54,0x4f,0x53,0x48,0x49,0x42,0x41 };
419 SMMRegisters regs;
420 void __iomem *bios = ioremap(0xf0000, 0x10000);
421
422 if (!bios)
423 return -ENOMEM;
424
425 /* extra sanity check for the string "TOSHIBA" in the BIOS because
426 some machines that are not Toshiba's pass the next test */
427
428 for (i=0;i<7;i++) {
429 if (readb(bios+0xe010+i)!=signature[i]) {
430 printk("toshiba: not a supported Toshiba laptop\n");
431 iounmap(bios);
432 return -ENODEV;
433 }
434 }
435
436 /* call the Toshiba SCI support check routine */
437
438 regs.eax = 0xf0f0;
439 regs.ebx = 0x0000;
440 regs.ecx = 0x0000;
441 flag = tosh_smm(&regs);
442
443 /* if this is not a Toshiba laptop carry flag is set and ah=0x86 */
444
445 if ((flag==1) || ((regs.eax & 0xff00)==0x8600)) {
446 printk("toshiba: not a supported Toshiba laptop\n");
447 iounmap(bios);
448 return -ENODEV;
449 }
450
451 /* if we get this far then we are running on a Toshiba (probably)! */
452
453 tosh_sci = regs.edx & 0xffff;
454
455 /* next get the machine ID of the current laptop */
456
457 tosh_id = tosh_get_machine_id(bios);
458
459 /* get the BIOS version */
460
461 major = readb(bios+0xe009)-'0';
462 minor = ((readb(bios+0xe00b)-'0')*10)+(readb(bios+0xe00c)-'0');
463 tosh_bios = (major*0x100)+minor;
464
465 /* get the BIOS date */
466
467 day = ((readb(bios+0xfff5)-'0')*10)+(readb(bios+0xfff6)-'0');
468 month = ((readb(bios+0xfff8)-'0')*10)+(readb(bios+0xfff9)-'0');
469 year = ((readb(bios+0xfffb)-'0')*10)+(readb(bios+0xfffc)-'0');
470 tosh_date = (((year-90) & 0x1f)<<10) | ((month & 0xf)<<6)
471 | ((day & 0x1f)<<1);
472
473
474 /* in theory we should check the ports we are going to use for the
475 fn key detection (and the fan on the Portage 610/Tecra700), and
476 then request them to stop other drivers using them. However as
477 the keyboard driver grabs 0x60-0x6f and the pic driver grabs
478 0xa0-0xbf we can't. We just have to live dangerously and use the
479 ports anyway, oh boy! */
480
481 /* do we need to emulate the fan? */
482
483 if ((tosh_id==0xfccb) || (tosh_id==0xfccc))
484 tosh_fan = 1;
485
486 iounmap(bios);
487
488 return 0;
489}
490
491static int __init toshiba_init(void)
492{
493 int retval;
494 /* are we running on a Toshiba laptop */
495
496 if (tosh_probe())
497 return -ENODEV;
498
499 printk(KERN_INFO "Toshiba System Management Mode driver v" TOSH_VERSION "\n");
500
501 /* set the port to use for Fn status if not specified as a parameter */
502 if (tosh_fn==0x00)
503 tosh_set_fn_port();
504
505 /* register the device file */
506 retval = misc_register(&tosh_device);
507 if (retval < 0)
508 return retval;
509
510#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
511 {
512 struct proc_dir_entry *pde;
513
514 pde = proc_create_single("toshiba", 0, NULL, proc_toshiba_show);
515 if (!pde) {
516 misc_deregister(&tosh_device);
517 return -ENOMEM;
518 }
519 }
520#endif
521
522 return 0;
523}
524
525static void __exit toshiba_exit(void)
526{
527 remove_proc_entry("toshiba", NULL);
528 misc_deregister(&tosh_device);
529}
530
531module_init(toshiba_init);
532module_exit(toshiba_exit);
533
534

Warning: That file was not part of the compilation database. It may have many parsing errors.