1// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
2/*
3 * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
4 * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
5 * interface as the means of communication with the user level.
6 *
7 * The options processing module for ip.c
8 *
9 * Authors: A.N.Kuznetsov
10 *
11 */
12
13#define pr_fmt(fmt) "IPv4: " fmt
14
15#include <linux/capability.h>
16#include <linux/module.h>
17#include <linux/slab.h>
18#include <linux/types.h>
19#include <linux/uaccess.h>
20#include <asm/unaligned.h>
21#include <linux/skbuff.h>
22#include <linux/ip.h>
23#include <linux/icmp.h>
24#include <linux/netdevice.h>
25#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
26#include <net/sock.h>
27#include <net/ip.h>
28#include <net/icmp.h>
29#include <net/route.h>
30#include <net/cipso_ipv4.h>
31#include <net/ip_fib.h>
32
33/*
34 * Write options to IP header, record destination address to
35 * source route option, address of outgoing interface
36 * (we should already know it, so that this function is allowed be
37 * called only after routing decision) and timestamp,
38 * if we originate this datagram.
39 *
40 * daddr is real destination address, next hop is recorded in IP header.
41 * saddr is address of outgoing interface.
42 */
43
44void ip_options_build(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_options *opt,
45 __be32 daddr, struct rtable *rt, int is_frag)
46{
47 unsigned char *iph = skb_network_header(skb);
48
49 memcpy(&(IPCB(skb)->opt), opt, sizeof(struct ip_options));
50 memcpy(iph+sizeof(struct iphdr), opt->__data, opt->optlen);
51 opt = &(IPCB(skb)->opt);
52
53 if (opt->srr)
54 memcpy(iph+opt->srr+iph[opt->srr+1]-4, &daddr, 4);
55
56 if (!is_frag) {
57 if (opt->rr_needaddr)
58 ip_rt_get_source(iph+opt->rr+iph[opt->rr+2]-5, skb, rt);
59 if (opt->ts_needaddr)
60 ip_rt_get_source(iph+opt->ts+iph[opt->ts+2]-9, skb, rt);
61 if (opt->ts_needtime) {
62 __be32 midtime;
63
64 midtime = inet_current_timestamp();
65 memcpy(iph+opt->ts+iph[opt->ts+2]-5, &midtime, 4);
66 }
67 return;
68 }
69 if (opt->rr) {
70 memset(iph+opt->rr, IPOPT_NOP, iph[opt->rr+1]);
71 opt->rr = 0;
72 opt->rr_needaddr = 0;
73 }
74 if (opt->ts) {
75 memset(iph+opt->ts, IPOPT_NOP, iph[opt->ts+1]);
76 opt->ts = 0;
77 opt->ts_needaddr = opt->ts_needtime = 0;
78 }
79}
80
81/*
82 * Provided (sopt, skb) points to received options,
83 * build in dopt compiled option set appropriate for answering.
84 * i.e. invert SRR option, copy anothers,
85 * and grab room in RR/TS options.
86 *
87 * NOTE: dopt cannot point to skb.
88 */
89
90int __ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt,
91 struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt)
92{
93 unsigned char *sptr, *dptr;
94 int soffset, doffset;
95 int optlen;
96
97 memset(dopt, 0, sizeof(struct ip_options));
98
99 if (sopt->optlen == 0)
100 return 0;
101
102 sptr = skb_network_header(skb);
103 dptr = dopt->__data;
104
105 if (sopt->rr) {
106 optlen = sptr[sopt->rr+1];
107 soffset = sptr[sopt->rr+2];
108 dopt->rr = dopt->optlen + sizeof(struct iphdr);
109 memcpy(dptr, sptr+sopt->rr, optlen);
110 if (sopt->rr_needaddr && soffset <= optlen) {
111 if (soffset + 3 > optlen)
112 return -EINVAL;
113 dptr[2] = soffset + 4;
114 dopt->rr_needaddr = 1;
115 }
116 dptr += optlen;
117 dopt->optlen += optlen;
118 }
119 if (sopt->ts) {
120 optlen = sptr[sopt->ts+1];
121 soffset = sptr[sopt->ts+2];
122 dopt->ts = dopt->optlen + sizeof(struct iphdr);
123 memcpy(dptr, sptr+sopt->ts, optlen);
124 if (soffset <= optlen) {
125 if (sopt->ts_needaddr) {
126 if (soffset + 3 > optlen)
127 return -EINVAL;
128 dopt->ts_needaddr = 1;
129 soffset += 4;
130 }
131 if (sopt->ts_needtime) {
132 if (soffset + 3 > optlen)
133 return -EINVAL;
134 if ((dptr[3]&0xF) != IPOPT_TS_PRESPEC) {
135 dopt->ts_needtime = 1;
136 soffset += 4;
137 } else {
138 dopt->ts_needtime = 0;
139
140 if (soffset + 7 <= optlen) {
141 __be32 addr;
142
143 memcpy(&addr, dptr+soffset-1, 4);
144 if (inet_addr_type(net, addr) != RTN_UNICAST) {
145 dopt->ts_needtime = 1;
146 soffset += 8;
147 }
148 }
149 }
150 }
151 dptr[2] = soffset;
152 }
153 dptr += optlen;
154 dopt->optlen += optlen;
155 }
156 if (sopt->srr) {
157 unsigned char *start = sptr+sopt->srr;
158 __be32 faddr;
159
160 optlen = start[1];
161 soffset = start[2];
162 doffset = 0;
163 if (soffset > optlen)
164 soffset = optlen + 1;
165 soffset -= 4;
166 if (soffset > 3) {
167 memcpy(&faddr, &start[soffset-1], 4);
168 for (soffset -= 4, doffset = 4; soffset > 3; soffset -= 4, doffset += 4)
169 memcpy(&dptr[doffset-1], &start[soffset-1], 4);
170 /*
171 * RFC1812 requires to fix illegal source routes.
172 */
173 if (memcmp(&ip_hdr(skb)->saddr,
174 &start[soffset + 3], 4) == 0)
175 doffset -= 4;
176 }
177 if (doffset > 3) {
178 dopt->faddr = faddr;
179 dptr[0] = start[0];
180 dptr[1] = doffset+3;
181 dptr[2] = 4;
182 dptr += doffset+3;
183 dopt->srr = dopt->optlen + sizeof(struct iphdr);
184 dopt->optlen += doffset+3;
185 dopt->is_strictroute = sopt->is_strictroute;
186 }
187 }
188 if (sopt->cipso) {
189 optlen = sptr[sopt->cipso+1];
190 dopt->cipso = dopt->optlen+sizeof(struct iphdr);
191 memcpy(dptr, sptr+sopt->cipso, optlen);
192 dptr += optlen;
193 dopt->optlen += optlen;
194 }
195 while (dopt->optlen & 3) {
196 *dptr++ = IPOPT_END;
197 dopt->optlen++;
198 }
199 return 0;
200}
201
202/*
203 * Options "fragmenting", just fill options not
204 * allowed in fragments with NOOPs.
205 * Simple and stupid 8), but the most efficient way.
206 */
207
208void ip_options_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb)
209{
210 unsigned char *optptr = skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr);
211 struct ip_options *opt = &(IPCB(skb)->opt);
212 int l = opt->optlen;
213 int optlen;
214
215 while (l > 0) {
216 switch (*optptr) {
217 case IPOPT_END:
218 return;
219 case IPOPT_NOOP:
220 l--;
221 optptr++;
222 continue;
223 }
224 optlen = optptr[1];
225 if (optlen < 2 || optlen > l)
226 return;
227 if (!IPOPT_COPIED(*optptr))
228 memset(optptr, IPOPT_NOOP, optlen);
229 l -= optlen;
230 optptr += optlen;
231 }
232 opt->ts = 0;
233 opt->rr = 0;
234 opt->rr_needaddr = 0;
235 opt->ts_needaddr = 0;
236 opt->ts_needtime = 0;
237}
238
239/* helper used by ip_options_compile() to call fib_compute_spec_dst()
240 * at most one time.
241 */
242static void spec_dst_fill(__be32 *spec_dst, struct sk_buff *skb)
243{
244 if (*spec_dst == htonl(INADDR_ANY))
245 *spec_dst = fib_compute_spec_dst(skb);
246}
247
248/*
249 * Verify options and fill pointers in struct options.
250 * Caller should clear *opt, and set opt->data.
251 * If opt == NULL, then skb->data should point to IP header.
252 */
253
254int __ip_options_compile(struct net *net,
255 struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb,
256 __be32 *info)
257{
258 __be32 spec_dst = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
259 unsigned char *pp_ptr = NULL;
260 struct rtable *rt = NULL;
261 unsigned char *optptr;
262 unsigned char *iph;
263 int optlen, l;
264
265 if (skb) {
266 rt = skb_rtable(skb);
267 optptr = (unsigned char *)&(ip_hdr(skb)[1]);
268 } else
269 optptr = opt->__data;
270 iph = optptr - sizeof(struct iphdr);
271
272 for (l = opt->optlen; l > 0; ) {
273 switch (*optptr) {
274 case IPOPT_END:
275 for (optptr++, l--; l > 0; optptr++, l--) {
276 if (*optptr != IPOPT_END) {
277 *optptr = IPOPT_END;
278 opt->is_changed = 1;
279 }
280 }
281 goto eol;
282 case IPOPT_NOOP:
283 l--;
284 optptr++;
285 continue;
286 }
287 if (unlikely(l < 2)) {
288 pp_ptr = optptr;
289 goto error;
290 }
291 optlen = optptr[1];
292 if (optlen < 2 || optlen > l) {
293 pp_ptr = optptr;
294 goto error;
295 }
296 switch (*optptr) {
297 case IPOPT_SSRR:
298 case IPOPT_LSRR:
299 if (optlen < 3) {
300 pp_ptr = optptr + 1;
301 goto error;
302 }
303 if (optptr[2] < 4) {
304 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
305 goto error;
306 }
307 /* NB: cf RFC-1812 5.2.4.1 */
308 if (opt->srr) {
309 pp_ptr = optptr;
310 goto error;
311 }
312 if (!skb) {
313 if (optptr[2] != 4 || optlen < 7 || ((optlen-3) & 3)) {
314 pp_ptr = optptr + 1;
315 goto error;
316 }
317 memcpy(&opt->faddr, &optptr[3], 4);
318 if (optlen > 7)
319 memmove(&optptr[3], &optptr[7], optlen-7);
320 }
321 opt->is_strictroute = (optptr[0] == IPOPT_SSRR);
322 opt->srr = optptr - iph;
323 break;
324 case IPOPT_RR:
325 if (opt->rr) {
326 pp_ptr = optptr;
327 goto error;
328 }
329 if (optlen < 3) {
330 pp_ptr = optptr + 1;
331 goto error;
332 }
333 if (optptr[2] < 4) {
334 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
335 goto error;
336 }
337 if (optptr[2] <= optlen) {
338 if (optptr[2]+3 > optlen) {
339 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
340 goto error;
341 }
342 if (rt) {
343 spec_dst_fill(&spec_dst, skb);
344 memcpy(&optptr[optptr[2]-1], &spec_dst, 4);
345 opt->is_changed = 1;
346 }
347 optptr[2] += 4;
348 opt->rr_needaddr = 1;
349 }
350 opt->rr = optptr - iph;
351 break;
352 case IPOPT_TIMESTAMP:
353 if (opt->ts) {
354 pp_ptr = optptr;
355 goto error;
356 }
357 if (optlen < 4) {
358 pp_ptr = optptr + 1;
359 goto error;
360 }
361 if (optptr[2] < 5) {
362 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
363 goto error;
364 }
365 if (optptr[2] <= optlen) {
366 unsigned char *timeptr = NULL;
367 if (optptr[2]+3 > optlen) {
368 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
369 goto error;
370 }
371 switch (optptr[3]&0xF) {
372 case IPOPT_TS_TSONLY:
373 if (skb)
374 timeptr = &optptr[optptr[2]-1];
375 opt->ts_needtime = 1;
376 optptr[2] += 4;
377 break;
378 case IPOPT_TS_TSANDADDR:
379 if (optptr[2]+7 > optlen) {
380 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
381 goto error;
382 }
383 if (rt) {
384 spec_dst_fill(&spec_dst, skb);
385 memcpy(&optptr[optptr[2]-1], &spec_dst, 4);
386 timeptr = &optptr[optptr[2]+3];
387 }
388 opt->ts_needaddr = 1;
389 opt->ts_needtime = 1;
390 optptr[2] += 8;
391 break;
392 case IPOPT_TS_PRESPEC:
393 if (optptr[2]+7 > optlen) {
394 pp_ptr = optptr + 2;
395 goto error;
396 }
397 {
398 __be32 addr;
399 memcpy(&addr, &optptr[optptr[2]-1], 4);
400 if (inet_addr_type(net, addr) == RTN_UNICAST)
401 break;
402 if (skb)
403 timeptr = &optptr[optptr[2]+3];
404 }
405 opt->ts_needtime = 1;
406 optptr[2] += 8;
407 break;
408 default:
409 if (!skb && !ns_capable(net->user_ns, CAP_NET_RAW)) {
410 pp_ptr = optptr + 3;
411 goto error;
412 }
413 break;
414 }
415 if (timeptr) {
416 __be32 midtime;
417
418 midtime = inet_current_timestamp();
419 memcpy(timeptr, &midtime, 4);
420 opt->is_changed = 1;
421 }
422 } else if ((optptr[3]&0xF) != IPOPT_TS_PRESPEC) {
423 unsigned int overflow = optptr[3]>>4;
424 if (overflow == 15) {
425 pp_ptr = optptr + 3;
426 goto error;
427 }
428 if (skb) {
429 optptr[3] = (optptr[3]&0xF)|((overflow+1)<<4);
430 opt->is_changed = 1;
431 }
432 }
433 opt->ts = optptr - iph;
434 break;
435 case IPOPT_RA:
436 if (optlen < 4) {
437 pp_ptr = optptr + 1;
438 goto error;
439 }
440 if (optptr[2] == 0 && optptr[3] == 0)
441 opt->router_alert = optptr - iph;
442 break;
443 case IPOPT_CIPSO:
444 if ((!skb && !ns_capable(net->user_ns, CAP_NET_RAW)) || opt->cipso) {
445 pp_ptr = optptr;
446 goto error;
447 }
448 opt->cipso = optptr - iph;
449 if (cipso_v4_validate(skb, &optptr)) {
450 pp_ptr = optptr;
451 goto error;
452 }
453 break;
454 case IPOPT_SEC:
455 case IPOPT_SID:
456 default:
457 if (!skb && !ns_capable(net->user_ns, CAP_NET_RAW)) {
458 pp_ptr = optptr;
459 goto error;
460 }
461 break;
462 }
463 l -= optlen;
464 optptr += optlen;
465 }
466
467eol:
468 if (!pp_ptr)
469 return 0;
470
471error:
472 if (info)
473 *info = htonl((pp_ptr-iph)<<24);
474 return -EINVAL;
475}
476
477int ip_options_compile(struct net *net,
478 struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb)
479{
480 int ret;
481 __be32 info;
482
483 ret = __ip_options_compile(net, opt, skb, &info);
484 if (ret != 0 && skb)
485 icmp_send(skb, ICMP_PARAMETERPROB, 0, info);
486 return ret;
487}
488EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_options_compile);
489
490/*
491 * Undo all the changes done by ip_options_compile().
492 */
493
494void ip_options_undo(struct ip_options *opt)
495{
496 if (opt->srr) {
497 unsigned char *optptr = opt->__data+opt->srr-sizeof(struct iphdr);
498 memmove(optptr+7, optptr+3, optptr[1]-7);
499 memcpy(optptr+3, &opt->faddr, 4);
500 }
501 if (opt->rr_needaddr) {
502 unsigned char *optptr = opt->__data+opt->rr-sizeof(struct iphdr);
503 optptr[2] -= 4;
504 memset(&optptr[optptr[2]-1], 0, 4);
505 }
506 if (opt->ts) {
507 unsigned char *optptr = opt->__data+opt->ts-sizeof(struct iphdr);
508 if (opt->ts_needtime) {
509 optptr[2] -= 4;
510 memset(&optptr[optptr[2]-1], 0, 4);
511 if ((optptr[3]&0xF) == IPOPT_TS_PRESPEC)
512 optptr[2] -= 4;
513 }
514 if (opt->ts_needaddr) {
515 optptr[2] -= 4;
516 memset(&optptr[optptr[2]-1], 0, 4);
517 }
518 }
519}
520
521static struct ip_options_rcu *ip_options_get_alloc(const int optlen)
522{
523 return kzalloc(sizeof(struct ip_options_rcu) + ((optlen + 3) & ~3),
524 GFP_KERNEL);
525}
526
527static int ip_options_get_finish(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp,
528 struct ip_options_rcu *opt, int optlen)
529{
530 while (optlen & 3)
531 opt->opt.__data[optlen++] = IPOPT_END;
532 opt->opt.optlen = optlen;
533 if (optlen && ip_options_compile(net, &opt->opt, NULL)) {
534 kfree(opt);
535 return -EINVAL;
536 }
537 kfree(*optp);
538 *optp = opt;
539 return 0;
540}
541
542int ip_options_get_from_user(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp,
543 unsigned char __user *data, int optlen)
544{
545 struct ip_options_rcu *opt = ip_options_get_alloc(optlen);
546
547 if (!opt)
548 return -ENOMEM;
549 if (optlen && copy_from_user(opt->opt.__data, data, optlen)) {
550 kfree(opt);
551 return -EFAULT;
552 }
553 return ip_options_get_finish(net, optp, opt, optlen);
554}
555
556int ip_options_get(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp,
557 unsigned char *data, int optlen)
558{
559 struct ip_options_rcu *opt = ip_options_get_alloc(optlen);
560
561 if (!opt)
562 return -ENOMEM;
563 if (optlen)
564 memcpy(opt->opt.__data, data, optlen);
565 return ip_options_get_finish(net, optp, opt, optlen);
566}
567
568void ip_forward_options(struct sk_buff *skb)
569{
570 struct ip_options *opt = &(IPCB(skb)->opt);
571 unsigned char *optptr;
572 struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
573 unsigned char *raw = skb_network_header(skb);
574
575 if (opt->rr_needaddr) {
576 optptr = (unsigned char *)raw + opt->rr;
577 ip_rt_get_source(&optptr[optptr[2]-5], skb, rt);
578 opt->is_changed = 1;
579 }
580 if (opt->srr_is_hit) {
581 int srrptr, srrspace;
582
583 optptr = raw + opt->srr;
584
585 for ( srrptr = optptr[2], srrspace = optptr[1];
586 srrptr <= srrspace;
587 srrptr += 4
588 ) {
589 if (srrptr + 3 > srrspace)
590 break;
591 if (memcmp(&opt->nexthop, &optptr[srrptr-1], 4) == 0)
592 break;
593 }
594 if (srrptr + 3 <= srrspace) {
595 opt->is_changed = 1;
596 ip_hdr(skb)->daddr = opt->nexthop;
597 ip_rt_get_source(&optptr[srrptr-1], skb, rt);
598 optptr[2] = srrptr+4;
599 } else {
600 net_crit_ratelimited("%s(): Argh! Destination lost!\n",
601 __func__);
602 }
603 if (opt->ts_needaddr) {
604 optptr = raw + opt->ts;
605 ip_rt_get_source(&optptr[optptr[2]-9], skb, rt);
606 opt->is_changed = 1;
607 }
608 }
609 if (opt->is_changed) {
610 opt->is_changed = 0;
611 ip_send_check(ip_hdr(skb));
612 }
613}
614
615int ip_options_rcv_srr(struct sk_buff *skb)
616{
617 struct ip_options *opt = &(IPCB(skb)->opt);
618 int srrspace, srrptr;
619 __be32 nexthop;
620 struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb);
621 unsigned char *optptr = skb_network_header(skb) + opt->srr;
622 struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
623 struct rtable *rt2;
624 unsigned long orefdst;
625 int err;
626
627 if (!rt)
628 return 0;
629
630 if (skb->pkt_type != PACKET_HOST)
631 return -EINVAL;
632 if (rt->rt_type == RTN_UNICAST) {
633 if (!opt->is_strictroute)
634 return 0;
635 icmp_send(skb, ICMP_PARAMETERPROB, 0, htonl(16<<24));
636 return -EINVAL;
637 }
638 if (rt->rt_type != RTN_LOCAL)
639 return -EINVAL;
640
641 for (srrptr = optptr[2], srrspace = optptr[1]; srrptr <= srrspace; srrptr += 4) {
642 if (srrptr + 3 > srrspace) {
643 icmp_send(skb, ICMP_PARAMETERPROB, 0, htonl((opt->srr+2)<<24));
644 return -EINVAL;
645 }
646 memcpy(&nexthop, &optptr[srrptr-1], 4);
647
648 orefdst = skb->_skb_refdst;
649 skb_dst_set(skb, NULL);
650 err = ip_route_input(skb, nexthop, iph->saddr, iph->tos, skb->dev);
651 rt2 = skb_rtable(skb);
652 if (err || (rt2->rt_type != RTN_UNICAST && rt2->rt_type != RTN_LOCAL)) {
653 skb_dst_drop(skb);
654 skb->_skb_refdst = orefdst;
655 return -EINVAL;
656 }
657 refdst_drop(orefdst);
658 if (rt2->rt_type != RTN_LOCAL)
659 break;
660 /* Superfast 8) loopback forward */
661 iph->daddr = nexthop;
662 opt->is_changed = 1;
663 }
664 if (srrptr <= srrspace) {
665 opt->srr_is_hit = 1;
666 opt->nexthop = nexthop;
667 opt->is_changed = 1;
668 }
669 return 0;
670}
671EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_options_rcv_srr);
672