1/* Write the contents of the <certfile> into kernel symbol system_extra_cert
2 *
3 * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2015
4 *
5 * Author: Mehmet Kayaalp <mkayaalp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
6 *
7 * This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
8 * of the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.
9 *
10 * Usage: insert-sys-cert [-s <System.map> -b <vmlinux> -c <certfile>
11 */
12
13#define _GNU_SOURCE
14#include <stdio.h>
15#include <ctype.h>
16#include <string.h>
17#include <limits.h>
18#include <stdbool.h>
19#include <errno.h>
20#include <stdlib.h>
21#include <stdarg.h>
22#include <sys/types.h>
23#include <sys/stat.h>
24#include <sys/mman.h>
25#include <fcntl.h>
26#include <unistd.h>
27#include <elf.h>
28
29#define CERT_SYM "system_extra_cert"
30#define USED_SYM "system_extra_cert_used"
31#define LSIZE_SYM "system_certificate_list_size"
32
33#define info(format, args...) fprintf(stderr, "INFO: " format, ## args)
34#define warn(format, args...) fprintf(stdout, "WARNING: " format, ## args)
35#define err(format, args...) fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: " format, ## args)
36
37#if UINTPTR_MAX == 0xffffffff
38#define CURRENT_ELFCLASS ELFCLASS32
39#define Elf_Ehdr Elf32_Ehdr
40#define Elf_Shdr Elf32_Shdr
41#define Elf_Sym Elf32_Sym
42#else
43#define CURRENT_ELFCLASS ELFCLASS64
44#define Elf_Ehdr Elf64_Ehdr
45#define Elf_Shdr Elf64_Shdr
46#define Elf_Sym Elf64_Sym
47#endif
48
49static unsigned char endianness(void)
50{
51 uint16_t two_byte = 0x00FF;
52 uint8_t low_address = *((uint8_t *)&two_byte);
53
54 if (low_address == 0)
55 return ELFDATA2MSB;
56 else
57 return ELFDATA2LSB;
58}
59
60struct sym {
61 char *name;
62 unsigned long address;
63 unsigned long offset;
64 void *content;
65 int size;
66};
67
68static unsigned long get_offset_from_address(Elf_Ehdr *hdr, unsigned long addr)
69{
70 Elf_Shdr *x;
71 unsigned int i, num_sections;
72
73 x = (void *)hdr + hdr->e_shoff;
74 if (hdr->e_shnum == SHN_UNDEF)
75 num_sections = x[0].sh_size;
76 else
77 num_sections = hdr->e_shnum;
78
79 for (i = 1; i < num_sections; i++) {
80 unsigned long start = x[i].sh_addr;
81 unsigned long end = start + x[i].sh_size;
82 unsigned long offset = x[i].sh_offset;
83
84 if (addr >= start && addr <= end)
85 return addr - start + offset;
86 }
87 return 0;
88}
89
90
91#define LINE_SIZE 100
92
93static void get_symbol_from_map(Elf_Ehdr *hdr, FILE *f, char *name,
94 struct sym *s)
95{
96 char l[LINE_SIZE];
97 char *w, *p, *n;
98
99 s->size = 0;
100 s->address = 0;
101 s->offset = 0;
102 if (fseek(f, 0, SEEK_SET) != 0) {
103 perror("File seek failed");
104 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
105 }
106 while (fgets(l, LINE_SIZE, f)) {
107 p = strchr(l, '\n');
108 if (!p) {
109 err("Missing line ending.\n");
110 return;
111 }
112 n = strstr(l, name);
113 if (n)
114 break;
115 }
116 if (!n) {
117 err("Unable to find symbol: %s\n", name);
118 return;
119 }
120 w = strchr(l, ' ');
121 if (!w)
122 return;
123
124 *w = '\0';
125 s->address = strtoul(l, NULL, 16);
126 if (s->address == 0)
127 return;
128 s->offset = get_offset_from_address(hdr, s->address);
129 s->name = name;
130 s->content = (void *)hdr + s->offset;
131}
132
133static Elf_Sym *find_elf_symbol(Elf_Ehdr *hdr, Elf_Shdr *symtab, char *name)
134{
135 Elf_Sym *sym, *symtab_start;
136 char *strtab, *symname;
137 unsigned int link;
138 Elf_Shdr *x;
139 int i, n;
140
141 x = (void *)hdr + hdr->e_shoff;
142 link = symtab->sh_link;
143 symtab_start = (void *)hdr + symtab->sh_offset;
144 n = symtab->sh_size / symtab->sh_entsize;
145 strtab = (void *)hdr + x[link].sh_offset;
146
147 for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
148 sym = &symtab_start[i];
149 symname = strtab + sym->st_name;
150 if (strcmp(symname, name) == 0)
151 return sym;
152 }
153 err("Unable to find symbol: %s\n", name);
154 return NULL;
155}
156
157static void get_symbol_from_table(Elf_Ehdr *hdr, Elf_Shdr *symtab,
158 char *name, struct sym *s)
159{
160 Elf_Shdr *sec;
161 int secndx;
162 Elf_Sym *elf_sym;
163 Elf_Shdr *x;
164
165 x = (void *)hdr + hdr->e_shoff;
166 s->size = 0;
167 s->address = 0;
168 s->offset = 0;
169 elf_sym = find_elf_symbol(hdr, symtab, name);
170 if (!elf_sym)
171 return;
172 secndx = elf_sym->st_shndx;
173 if (!secndx)
174 return;
175 sec = &x[secndx];
176 s->size = elf_sym->st_size;
177 s->address = elf_sym->st_value;
178 s->offset = s->address - sec->sh_addr
179 + sec->sh_offset;
180 s->name = name;
181 s->content = (void *)hdr + s->offset;
182}
183
184static Elf_Shdr *get_symbol_table(Elf_Ehdr *hdr)
185{
186 Elf_Shdr *x;
187 unsigned int i, num_sections;
188
189 x = (void *)hdr + hdr->e_shoff;
190 if (hdr->e_shnum == SHN_UNDEF)
191 num_sections = x[0].sh_size;
192 else
193 num_sections = hdr->e_shnum;
194
195 for (i = 1; i < num_sections; i++)
196 if (x[i].sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB)
197 return &x[i];
198 return NULL;
199}
200
201static void *map_file(char *file_name, int *size)
202{
203 struct stat st;
204 void *map;
205 int fd;
206
207 fd = open(file_name, O_RDWR);
208 if (fd < 0) {
209 perror(file_name);
210 return NULL;
211 }
212 if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
213 perror("Could not determine file size");
214 close(fd);
215 return NULL;
216 }
217 *size = st.st_size;
218 map = mmap(NULL, *size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
219 if (map == MAP_FAILED) {
220 perror("Mapping to memory failed");
221 close(fd);
222 return NULL;
223 }
224 close(fd);
225 return map;
226}
227
228static char *read_file(char *file_name, int *size)
229{
230 struct stat st;
231 char *buf;
232 int fd;
233
234 fd = open(file_name, O_RDONLY);
235 if (fd < 0) {
236 perror(file_name);
237 return NULL;
238 }
239 if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
240 perror("Could not determine file size");
241 close(fd);
242 return NULL;
243 }
244 *size = st.st_size;
245 buf = malloc(*size);
246 if (!buf) {
247 perror("Allocating memory failed");
248 close(fd);
249 return NULL;
250 }
251 if (read(fd, buf, *size) != *size) {
252 perror("File read failed");
253 close(fd);
254 return NULL;
255 }
256 close(fd);
257 return buf;
258}
259
260static void print_sym(Elf_Ehdr *hdr, struct sym *s)
261{
262 info("sym: %s\n", s->name);
263 info("addr: 0x%lx\n", s->address);
264 info("size: %d\n", s->size);
265 info("offset: 0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)s->offset);
266}
267
268static void print_usage(char *e)
269{
270 printf("Usage %s [-s <System.map>] -b <vmlinux> -c <certfile>\n", e);
271}
272
273int main(int argc, char **argv)
274{
275 char *system_map_file = NULL;
276 char *vmlinux_file = NULL;
277 char *cert_file = NULL;
278 int vmlinux_size;
279 int cert_size;
280 Elf_Ehdr *hdr;
281 char *cert;
282 FILE *system_map;
283 unsigned long *lsize;
284 int *used;
285 int opt;
286 Elf_Shdr *symtab = NULL;
287 struct sym cert_sym, lsize_sym, used_sym;
288
289 while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "b:c:s:")) != -1) {
290 switch (opt) {
291 case 's':
292 system_map_file = optarg;
293 break;
294 case 'b':
295 vmlinux_file = optarg;
296 break;
297 case 'c':
298 cert_file = optarg;
299 break;
300 default:
301 break;
302 }
303 }
304
305 if (!vmlinux_file || !cert_file) {
306 print_usage(argv[0]);
307 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
308 }
309
310 cert = read_file(cert_file, &cert_size);
311 if (!cert)
312 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
313
314 hdr = map_file(vmlinux_file, &vmlinux_size);
315 if (!hdr)
316 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
317
318 if (vmlinux_size < sizeof(*hdr)) {
319 err("Invalid ELF file.\n");
320 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
321 }
322
323 if ((hdr->e_ident[EI_MAG0] != ELFMAG0) ||
324 (hdr->e_ident[EI_MAG1] != ELFMAG1) ||
325 (hdr->e_ident[EI_MAG2] != ELFMAG2) ||
326 (hdr->e_ident[EI_MAG3] != ELFMAG3)) {
327 err("Invalid ELF magic.\n");
328 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
329 }
330
331 if (hdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] != CURRENT_ELFCLASS) {
332 err("ELF class mismatch.\n");
333 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
334 }
335
336 if (hdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != endianness()) {
337 err("ELF endian mismatch.\n");
338 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
339 }
340
341 if (hdr->e_shoff > vmlinux_size) {
342 err("Could not find section header.\n");
343 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
344 }
345
346 symtab = get_symbol_table(hdr);
347 if (!symtab) {
348 warn("Could not find the symbol table.\n");
349 if (!system_map_file) {
350 err("Please provide a System.map file.\n");
351 print_usage(argv[0]);
352 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
353 }
354
355 system_map = fopen(system_map_file, "r");
356 if (!system_map) {
357 perror(system_map_file);
358 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
359 }
360 get_symbol_from_map(hdr, system_map, CERT_SYM, &cert_sym);
361 get_symbol_from_map(hdr, system_map, USED_SYM, &used_sym);
362 get_symbol_from_map(hdr, system_map, LSIZE_SYM, &lsize_sym);
363 cert_sym.size = used_sym.address - cert_sym.address;
364 } else {
365 info("Symbol table found.\n");
366 if (system_map_file)
367 warn("System.map is ignored.\n");
368 get_symbol_from_table(hdr, symtab, CERT_SYM, &cert_sym);
369 get_symbol_from_table(hdr, symtab, USED_SYM, &used_sym);
370 get_symbol_from_table(hdr, symtab, LSIZE_SYM, &lsize_sym);
371 }
372
373 if (!cert_sym.offset || !lsize_sym.offset || !used_sym.offset)
374 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
375
376 print_sym(hdr, &cert_sym);
377 print_sym(hdr, &used_sym);
378 print_sym(hdr, &lsize_sym);
379
380 lsize = (unsigned long *)lsize_sym.content;
381 used = (int *)used_sym.content;
382
383 if (cert_sym.size < cert_size) {
384 err("Certificate is larger than the reserved area!\n");
385 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
386 }
387
388 /* If the existing cert is the same, don't overwrite */
389 if (cert_size == *used &&
390 strncmp(cert_sym.content, cert, cert_size) == 0) {
391 warn("Certificate was already inserted.\n");
392 exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
393 }
394
395 if (*used > 0)
396 warn("Replacing previously inserted certificate.\n");
397
398 memcpy(cert_sym.content, cert, cert_size);
399 if (cert_size < cert_sym.size)
400 memset(cert_sym.content + cert_size,
401 0, cert_sym.size - cert_size);
402
403 *lsize = *lsize + cert_size - *used;
404 *used = cert_size;
405 info("Inserted the contents of %s into %lx.\n", cert_file,
406 cert_sym.address);
407 info("Used %d bytes out of %d bytes reserved.\n", *used,
408 cert_sym.size);
409 exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
410}
411