1/*
2 * recordmcount.h
3 *
4 * This code was taken out of recordmcount.c written by
5 * Copyright 2009 John F. Reiser <jreiser@BitWagon.com>. All rights reserved.
6 *
7 * The original code had the same algorithms for both 32bit
8 * and 64bit ELF files, but the code was duplicated to support
9 * the difference in structures that were used. This
10 * file creates a macro of everything that is different between
11 * the 64 and 32 bit code, such that by including this header
12 * twice we can create both sets of functions by including this
13 * header once with RECORD_MCOUNT_64 undefined, and again with
14 * it defined.
15 *
16 * This conversion to macros was done by:
17 * Copyright 2010 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>, Red Hat Inc.
18 *
19 * Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2).
20 */
21#undef append_func
22#undef is_fake_mcount
23#undef fn_is_fake_mcount
24#undef MIPS_is_fake_mcount
25#undef mcount_adjust
26#undef sift_rel_mcount
27#undef nop_mcount
28#undef find_secsym_ndx
29#undef __has_rel_mcount
30#undef has_rel_mcount
31#undef tot_relsize
32#undef get_mcountsym
33#undef get_sym_str_and_relp
34#undef do_func
35#undef Elf_Addr
36#undef Elf_Ehdr
37#undef Elf_Shdr
38#undef Elf_Rel
39#undef Elf_Rela
40#undef Elf_Sym
41#undef ELF_R_SYM
42#undef Elf_r_sym
43#undef ELF_R_INFO
44#undef Elf_r_info
45#undef ELF_ST_BIND
46#undef ELF_ST_TYPE
47#undef fn_ELF_R_SYM
48#undef fn_ELF_R_INFO
49#undef uint_t
50#undef _w
51#undef _align
52#undef _size
53
54#ifdef RECORD_MCOUNT_64
55# define append_func append64
56# define sift_rel_mcount sift64_rel_mcount
57# define nop_mcount nop_mcount_64
58# define find_secsym_ndx find64_secsym_ndx
59# define __has_rel_mcount __has64_rel_mcount
60# define has_rel_mcount has64_rel_mcount
61# define tot_relsize tot64_relsize
62# define get_sym_str_and_relp get_sym_str_and_relp_64
63# define do_func do64
64# define get_mcountsym get_mcountsym_64
65# define is_fake_mcount is_fake_mcount64
66# define fn_is_fake_mcount fn_is_fake_mcount64
67# define MIPS_is_fake_mcount MIPS64_is_fake_mcount
68# define mcount_adjust mcount_adjust_64
69# define Elf_Addr Elf64_Addr
70# define Elf_Ehdr Elf64_Ehdr
71# define Elf_Shdr Elf64_Shdr
72# define Elf_Rel Elf64_Rel
73# define Elf_Rela Elf64_Rela
74# define Elf_Sym Elf64_Sym
75# define ELF_R_SYM ELF64_R_SYM
76# define Elf_r_sym Elf64_r_sym
77# define ELF_R_INFO ELF64_R_INFO
78# define Elf_r_info Elf64_r_info
79# define ELF_ST_BIND ELF64_ST_BIND
80# define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF64_ST_TYPE
81# define fn_ELF_R_SYM fn_ELF64_R_SYM
82# define fn_ELF_R_INFO fn_ELF64_R_INFO
83# define uint_t uint64_t
84# define _w w8
85# define _align 7u
86# define _size 8
87#else
88# define append_func append32
89# define sift_rel_mcount sift32_rel_mcount
90# define nop_mcount nop_mcount_32
91# define find_secsym_ndx find32_secsym_ndx
92# define __has_rel_mcount __has32_rel_mcount
93# define has_rel_mcount has32_rel_mcount
94# define tot_relsize tot32_relsize
95# define get_sym_str_and_relp get_sym_str_and_relp_32
96# define do_func do32
97# define get_mcountsym get_mcountsym_32
98# define is_fake_mcount is_fake_mcount32
99# define fn_is_fake_mcount fn_is_fake_mcount32
100# define MIPS_is_fake_mcount MIPS32_is_fake_mcount
101# define mcount_adjust mcount_adjust_32
102# define Elf_Addr Elf32_Addr
103# define Elf_Ehdr Elf32_Ehdr
104# define Elf_Shdr Elf32_Shdr
105# define Elf_Rel Elf32_Rel
106# define Elf_Rela Elf32_Rela
107# define Elf_Sym Elf32_Sym
108# define ELF_R_SYM ELF32_R_SYM
109# define Elf_r_sym Elf32_r_sym
110# define ELF_R_INFO ELF32_R_INFO
111# define Elf_r_info Elf32_r_info
112# define ELF_ST_BIND ELF32_ST_BIND
113# define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF32_ST_TYPE
114# define fn_ELF_R_SYM fn_ELF32_R_SYM
115# define fn_ELF_R_INFO fn_ELF32_R_INFO
116# define uint_t uint32_t
117# define _w w
118# define _align 3u
119# define _size 4
120#endif
121
122/* Functions and pointers that do_file() may override for specific e_machine. */
123static int fn_is_fake_mcount(Elf_Rel const *rp)
124{
125 return 0;
126}
127static int (*is_fake_mcount)(Elf_Rel const *rp) = fn_is_fake_mcount;
128
129static uint_t fn_ELF_R_SYM(Elf_Rel const *rp)
130{
131 return ELF_R_SYM(_w(rp->r_info));
132}
133static uint_t (*Elf_r_sym)(Elf_Rel const *rp) = fn_ELF_R_SYM;
134
135static void fn_ELF_R_INFO(Elf_Rel *const rp, unsigned sym, unsigned type)
136{
137 rp->r_info = _w(ELF_R_INFO(sym, type));
138}
139static void (*Elf_r_info)(Elf_Rel *const rp, unsigned sym, unsigned type) = fn_ELF_R_INFO;
140
141static int mcount_adjust = 0;
142
143/*
144 * MIPS mcount long call has 2 _mcount symbols, only the position of the 1st
145 * _mcount symbol is needed for dynamic function tracer, with it, to disable
146 * tracing(ftrace_make_nop), the instruction in the position is replaced with
147 * the "b label" instruction, to enable tracing(ftrace_make_call), replace the
148 * instruction back. So, here, we set the 2nd one as fake and filter it.
149 *
150 * c: 3c030000 lui v1,0x0 <--> b label
151 * c: R_MIPS_HI16 _mcount
152 * c: R_MIPS_NONE *ABS*
153 * c: R_MIPS_NONE *ABS*
154 * 10: 64630000 daddiu v1,v1,0
155 * 10: R_MIPS_LO16 _mcount
156 * 10: R_MIPS_NONE *ABS*
157 * 10: R_MIPS_NONE *ABS*
158 * 14: 03e0082d move at,ra
159 * 18: 0060f809 jalr v1
160 * label:
161 */
162#define MIPS_FAKEMCOUNT_OFFSET 4
163
164static int MIPS_is_fake_mcount(Elf_Rel const *rp)
165{
166 static Elf_Addr old_r_offset = ~(Elf_Addr)0;
167 Elf_Addr current_r_offset = _w(rp->r_offset);
168 int is_fake;
169
170 is_fake = (old_r_offset != ~(Elf_Addr)0) &&
171 (current_r_offset - old_r_offset == MIPS_FAKEMCOUNT_OFFSET);
172 old_r_offset = current_r_offset;
173
174 return is_fake;
175}
176
177/* Append the new shstrtab, Elf_Shdr[], __mcount_loc and its relocations. */
178static void append_func(Elf_Ehdr *const ehdr,
179 Elf_Shdr *const shstr,
180 uint_t const *const mloc0,
181 uint_t const *const mlocp,
182 Elf_Rel const *const mrel0,
183 Elf_Rel const *const mrelp,
184 unsigned int const rel_entsize,
185 unsigned int const symsec_sh_link)
186{
187 /* Begin constructing output file */
188 Elf_Shdr mcsec;
189 char const *mc_name = (sizeof(Elf_Rela) == rel_entsize)
190 ? ".rela__mcount_loc"
191 : ".rel__mcount_loc";
192 unsigned const old_shnum = w2(ehdr->e_shnum);
193 uint_t const old_shoff = _w(ehdr->e_shoff);
194 uint_t const old_shstr_sh_size = _w(shstr->sh_size);
195 uint_t const old_shstr_sh_offset = _w(shstr->sh_offset);
196 uint_t t = 1 + strlen(mc_name) + _w(shstr->sh_size);
197 uint_t new_e_shoff;
198
199 shstr->sh_size = _w(t);
200 shstr->sh_offset = _w(sb.st_size);
201 t += sb.st_size;
202 t += (_align & -t); /* word-byte align */
203 new_e_shoff = t;
204
205 /* body for new shstrtab */
206 ulseek(fd_map, sb.st_size, SEEK_SET);
207 uwrite(fd_map, old_shstr_sh_offset + (void *)ehdr, old_shstr_sh_size);
208 uwrite(fd_map, mc_name, 1 + strlen(mc_name));
209
210 /* old(modified) Elf_Shdr table, word-byte aligned */
211 ulseek(fd_map, t, SEEK_SET);
212 t += sizeof(Elf_Shdr) * old_shnum;
213 uwrite(fd_map, old_shoff + (void *)ehdr,
214 sizeof(Elf_Shdr) * old_shnum);
215
216 /* new sections __mcount_loc and .rel__mcount_loc */
217 t += 2*sizeof(mcsec);
218 mcsec.sh_name = w((sizeof(Elf_Rela) == rel_entsize) + strlen(".rel")
219 + old_shstr_sh_size);
220 mcsec.sh_type = w(SHT_PROGBITS);
221 mcsec.sh_flags = _w(SHF_ALLOC);
222 mcsec.sh_addr = 0;
223 mcsec.sh_offset = _w(t);
224 mcsec.sh_size = _w((void *)mlocp - (void *)mloc0);
225 mcsec.sh_link = 0;
226 mcsec.sh_info = 0;
227 mcsec.sh_addralign = _w(_size);
228 mcsec.sh_entsize = _w(_size);
229 uwrite(fd_map, &mcsec, sizeof(mcsec));
230
231 mcsec.sh_name = w(old_shstr_sh_size);
232 mcsec.sh_type = (sizeof(Elf_Rela) == rel_entsize)
233 ? w(SHT_RELA)
234 : w(SHT_REL);
235 mcsec.sh_flags = 0;
236 mcsec.sh_addr = 0;
237 mcsec.sh_offset = _w((void *)mlocp - (void *)mloc0 + t);
238 mcsec.sh_size = _w((void *)mrelp - (void *)mrel0);
239 mcsec.sh_link = w(symsec_sh_link);
240 mcsec.sh_info = w(old_shnum);
241 mcsec.sh_addralign = _w(_size);
242 mcsec.sh_entsize = _w(rel_entsize);
243 uwrite(fd_map, &mcsec, sizeof(mcsec));
244
245 uwrite(fd_map, mloc0, (void *)mlocp - (void *)mloc0);
246 uwrite(fd_map, mrel0, (void *)mrelp - (void *)mrel0);
247
248 ehdr->e_shoff = _w(new_e_shoff);
249 ehdr->e_shnum = w2(2 + w2(ehdr->e_shnum)); /* {.rel,}__mcount_loc */
250 ulseek(fd_map, 0, SEEK_SET);
251 uwrite(fd_map, ehdr, sizeof(*ehdr));
252}
253
254static unsigned get_mcountsym(Elf_Sym const *const sym0,
255 Elf_Rel const *relp,
256 char const *const str0)
257{
258 unsigned mcountsym = 0;
259
260 Elf_Sym const *const symp =
261 &sym0[Elf_r_sym(relp)];
262 char const *symname = &str0[w(symp->st_name)];
263 char const *mcount = gpfx == '_' ? "_mcount" : "mcount";
264 char const *fentry = "__fentry__";
265
266 if (symname[0] == '.')
267 ++symname; /* ppc64 hack */
268 if (strcmp(mcount, symname) == 0 ||
269 (altmcount && strcmp(altmcount, symname) == 0) ||
270 (strcmp(fentry, symname) == 0))
271 mcountsym = Elf_r_sym(relp);
272
273 return mcountsym;
274}
275
276static void get_sym_str_and_relp(Elf_Shdr const *const relhdr,
277 Elf_Ehdr const *const ehdr,
278 Elf_Sym const **sym0,
279 char const **str0,
280 Elf_Rel const **relp)
281{
282 Elf_Shdr *const shdr0 = (Elf_Shdr *)(_w(ehdr->e_shoff)
283 + (void *)ehdr);
284 unsigned const symsec_sh_link = w(relhdr->sh_link);
285 Elf_Shdr const *const symsec = &shdr0[symsec_sh_link];
286 Elf_Shdr const *const strsec = &shdr0[w(symsec->sh_link)];
287 Elf_Rel const *const rel0 = (Elf_Rel const *)(_w(relhdr->sh_offset)
288 + (void *)ehdr);
289
290 *sym0 = (Elf_Sym const *)(_w(symsec->sh_offset)
291 + (void *)ehdr);
292
293 *str0 = (char const *)(_w(strsec->sh_offset)
294 + (void *)ehdr);
295
296 *relp = rel0;
297}
298
299/*
300 * Look at the relocations in order to find the calls to mcount.
301 * Accumulate the section offsets that are found, and their relocation info,
302 * onto the end of the existing arrays.
303 */
304static uint_t *sift_rel_mcount(uint_t *mlocp,
305 unsigned const offbase,
306 Elf_Rel **const mrelpp,
307 Elf_Shdr const *const relhdr,
308 Elf_Ehdr const *const ehdr,
309 unsigned const recsym,
310 uint_t const recval,
311 unsigned const reltype)
312{
313 uint_t *const mloc0 = mlocp;
314 Elf_Rel *mrelp = *mrelpp;
315 Elf_Sym const *sym0;
316 char const *str0;
317 Elf_Rel const *relp;
318 unsigned rel_entsize = _w(relhdr->sh_entsize);
319 unsigned const nrel = _w(relhdr->sh_size) / rel_entsize;
320 unsigned mcountsym = 0;
321 unsigned t;
322
323 get_sym_str_and_relp(relhdr, ehdr, &sym0, &str0, &relp);
324
325 for (t = nrel; t; --t) {
326 if (!mcountsym)
327 mcountsym = get_mcountsym(sym0, relp, str0);
328
329 if (mcountsym == Elf_r_sym(relp) && !is_fake_mcount(relp)) {
330 uint_t const addend =
331 _w(_w(relp->r_offset) - recval + mcount_adjust);
332 mrelp->r_offset = _w(offbase
333 + ((void *)mlocp - (void *)mloc0));
334 Elf_r_info(mrelp, recsym, reltype);
335 if (rel_entsize == sizeof(Elf_Rela)) {
336 ((Elf_Rela *)mrelp)->r_addend = addend;
337 *mlocp++ = 0;
338 } else
339 *mlocp++ = addend;
340
341 mrelp = (Elf_Rel *)(rel_entsize + (void *)mrelp);
342 }
343 relp = (Elf_Rel const *)(rel_entsize + (void *)relp);
344 }
345 *mrelpp = mrelp;
346 return mlocp;
347}
348
349/*
350 * Read the relocation table again, but this time its called on sections
351 * that are not going to be traced. The mcount calls here will be converted
352 * into nops.
353 */
354static void nop_mcount(Elf_Shdr const *const relhdr,
355 Elf_Ehdr const *const ehdr,
356 const char *const txtname)
357{
358 Elf_Shdr *const shdr0 = (Elf_Shdr *)(_w(ehdr->e_shoff)
359 + (void *)ehdr);
360 Elf_Sym const *sym0;
361 char const *str0;
362 Elf_Rel const *relp;
363 Elf_Shdr const *const shdr = &shdr0[w(relhdr->sh_info)];
364 unsigned rel_entsize = _w(relhdr->sh_entsize);
365 unsigned const nrel = _w(relhdr->sh_size) / rel_entsize;
366 unsigned mcountsym = 0;
367 unsigned t;
368 int once = 0;
369
370 get_sym_str_and_relp(relhdr, ehdr, &sym0, &str0, &relp);
371
372 for (t = nrel; t; --t) {
373 int ret = -1;
374
375 if (!mcountsym)
376 mcountsym = get_mcountsym(sym0, relp, str0);
377
378 if (mcountsym == Elf_r_sym(relp) && !is_fake_mcount(relp)) {
379 if (make_nop)
380 ret = make_nop((void *)ehdr, _w(shdr->sh_offset) + _w(relp->r_offset));
381 if (warn_on_notrace_sect && !once) {
382 printf("Section %s has mcount callers being ignored\n",
383 txtname);
384 once = 1;
385 /* just warn? */
386 if (!make_nop)
387 return;
388 }
389 }
390
391 /*
392 * If we successfully removed the mcount, mark the relocation
393 * as a nop (don't do anything with it).
394 */
395 if (!ret) {
396 Elf_Rel rel;
397 rel = *(Elf_Rel *)relp;
398 Elf_r_info(&rel, Elf_r_sym(relp), rel_type_nop);
399 ulseek(fd_map, (void *)relp - (void *)ehdr, SEEK_SET);
400 uwrite(fd_map, &rel, sizeof(rel));
401 }
402 relp = (Elf_Rel const *)(rel_entsize + (void *)relp);
403 }
404}
405
406
407/*
408 * Find a symbol in the given section, to be used as the base for relocating
409 * the table of offsets of calls to mcount. A local or global symbol suffices,
410 * but avoid a Weak symbol because it may be overridden; the change in value
411 * would invalidate the relocations of the offsets of the calls to mcount.
412 * Often the found symbol will be the unnamed local symbol generated by
413 * GNU 'as' for the start of each section. For example:
414 * Num: Value Size Type Bind Vis Ndx Name
415 * 2: 00000000 0 SECTION LOCAL DEFAULT 1
416 */
417static unsigned find_secsym_ndx(unsigned const txtndx,
418 char const *const txtname,
419 uint_t *const recvalp,
420 Elf_Shdr const *const symhdr,
421 Elf_Ehdr const *const ehdr)
422{
423 Elf_Sym const *const sym0 = (Elf_Sym const *)(_w(symhdr->sh_offset)
424 + (void *)ehdr);
425 unsigned const nsym = _w(symhdr->sh_size) / _w(symhdr->sh_entsize);
426 Elf_Sym const *symp;
427 unsigned t;
428
429 for (symp = sym0, t = nsym; t; --t, ++symp) {
430 unsigned int const st_bind = ELF_ST_BIND(symp->st_info);
431
432 if (txtndx == w2(symp->st_shndx)
433 /* avoid STB_WEAK */
434 && (STB_LOCAL == st_bind || STB_GLOBAL == st_bind)) {
435 /* function symbols on ARM have quirks, avoid them */
436 if (w2(ehdr->e_machine) == EM_ARM
437 && ELF_ST_TYPE(symp->st_info) == STT_FUNC)
438 continue;
439
440 *recvalp = _w(symp->st_value);
441 return symp - sym0;
442 }
443 }
444 fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find symbol for section %u: %s.\n",
445 txtndx, txtname);
446 fail_file();
447}
448
449
450/* Evade ISO C restriction: no declaration after statement in has_rel_mcount. */
451static char const *
452__has_rel_mcount(Elf_Shdr const *const relhdr, /* is SHT_REL or SHT_RELA */
453 Elf_Shdr const *const shdr0,
454 char const *const shstrtab,
455 char const *const fname)
456{
457 /* .sh_info depends on .sh_type == SHT_REL[,A] */
458 Elf_Shdr const *const txthdr = &shdr0[w(relhdr->sh_info)];
459 char const *const txtname = &shstrtab[w(txthdr->sh_name)];
460
461 if (strcmp("__mcount_loc", txtname) == 0) {
462 fprintf(stderr, "warning: __mcount_loc already exists: %s\n",
463 fname);
464 succeed_file();
465 }
466 if (w(txthdr->sh_type) != SHT_PROGBITS ||
467 !(_w(txthdr->sh_flags) & SHF_EXECINSTR))
468 return NULL;
469 return txtname;
470}
471
472static char const *has_rel_mcount(Elf_Shdr const *const relhdr,
473 Elf_Shdr const *const shdr0,
474 char const *const shstrtab,
475 char const *const fname)
476{
477 if (w(relhdr->sh_type) != SHT_REL && w(relhdr->sh_type) != SHT_RELA)
478 return NULL;
479 return __has_rel_mcount(relhdr, shdr0, shstrtab, fname);
480}
481
482
483static unsigned tot_relsize(Elf_Shdr const *const shdr0,
484 unsigned nhdr,
485 const char *const shstrtab,
486 const char *const fname)
487{
488 unsigned totrelsz = 0;
489 Elf_Shdr const *shdrp = shdr0;
490 char const *txtname;
491
492 for (; nhdr; --nhdr, ++shdrp) {
493 txtname = has_rel_mcount(shdrp, shdr0, shstrtab, fname);
494 if (txtname && is_mcounted_section_name(txtname))
495 totrelsz += _w(shdrp->sh_size);
496 }
497 return totrelsz;
498}
499
500
501/* Overall supervision for Elf32 ET_REL file. */
502static void
503do_func(Elf_Ehdr *const ehdr, char const *const fname, unsigned const reltype)
504{
505 Elf_Shdr *const shdr0 = (Elf_Shdr *)(_w(ehdr->e_shoff)
506 + (void *)ehdr);
507 unsigned const nhdr = w2(ehdr->e_shnum);
508 Elf_Shdr *const shstr = &shdr0[w2(ehdr->e_shstrndx)];
509 char const *const shstrtab = (char const *)(_w(shstr->sh_offset)
510 + (void *)ehdr);
511
512 Elf_Shdr const *relhdr;
513 unsigned k;
514
515 /* Upper bound on space: assume all relevant relocs are for mcount. */
516 unsigned const totrelsz = tot_relsize(shdr0, nhdr, shstrtab, fname);
517 Elf_Rel *const mrel0 = umalloc(totrelsz);
518 Elf_Rel * mrelp = mrel0;
519
520 /* 2*sizeof(address) <= sizeof(Elf_Rel) */
521 uint_t *const mloc0 = umalloc(totrelsz>>1);
522 uint_t * mlocp = mloc0;
523
524 unsigned rel_entsize = 0;
525 unsigned symsec_sh_link = 0;
526
527 for (relhdr = shdr0, k = nhdr; k; --k, ++relhdr) {
528 char const *const txtname = has_rel_mcount(relhdr, shdr0,
529 shstrtab, fname);
530 if (txtname && is_mcounted_section_name(txtname)) {
531 uint_t recval = 0;
532 unsigned const recsym = find_secsym_ndx(
533 w(relhdr->sh_info), txtname, &recval,
534 &shdr0[symsec_sh_link = w(relhdr->sh_link)],
535 ehdr);
536
537 rel_entsize = _w(relhdr->sh_entsize);
538 mlocp = sift_rel_mcount(mlocp,
539 (void *)mlocp - (void *)mloc0, &mrelp,
540 relhdr, ehdr, recsym, recval, reltype);
541 } else if (txtname && (warn_on_notrace_sect || make_nop)) {
542 /*
543 * This section is ignored by ftrace, but still
544 * has mcount calls. Convert them to nops now.
545 */
546 nop_mcount(relhdr, ehdr, txtname);
547 }
548 }
549 if (mloc0 != mlocp) {
550 append_func(ehdr, shstr, mloc0, mlocp, mrel0, mrelp,
551 rel_entsize, symsec_sh_link);
552 }
553 free(mrel0);
554 free(mloc0);
555}
556