1// Tencent is pleased to support the open source community by making RapidJSON available.
2//
3// Copyright (C) 2015 THL A29 Limited, a Tencent company, and Milo Yip. All rights reserved.
4//
5// Licensed under the MIT License (the "License"); you may not use this file except
6// in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
7//
8// http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
9//
10// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed
11// under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR
12// CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
13// specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
14
15#ifndef RAPIDJSON_ALLOCATORS_H_
16#define RAPIDJSON_ALLOCATORS_H_
17
18#include "rapidjson.h"
19
20RAPIDJSON_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
21
22///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
23// Allocator
24
25/*! \class rapidjson::Allocator
26 \brief Concept for allocating, resizing and freeing memory block.
27
28 Note that Malloc() and Realloc() are non-static but Free() is static.
29
30 So if an allocator need to support Free(), it needs to put its pointer in
31 the header of memory block.
32
33\code
34concept Allocator {
35 static const bool kNeedFree; //!< Whether this allocator needs to call Free().
36
37 // Allocate a memory block.
38 // \param size of the memory block in bytes.
39 // \returns pointer to the memory block.
40 void* Malloc(size_t size);
41
42 // Resize a memory block.
43 // \param originalPtr The pointer to current memory block. Null pointer is permitted.
44 // \param originalSize The current size in bytes. (Design issue: since some allocator may not book-keep this, explicitly pass to it can save memory.)
45 // \param newSize the new size in bytes.
46 void* Realloc(void* originalPtr, size_t originalSize, size_t newSize);
47
48 // Free a memory block.
49 // \param pointer to the memory block. Null pointer is permitted.
50 static void Free(void *ptr);
51};
52\endcode
53*/
54
55///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
56// CrtAllocator
57
58//! C-runtime library allocator.
59/*! This class is just wrapper for standard C library memory routines.
60 \note implements Allocator concept
61*/
62class CrtAllocator {
63public:
64 static const bool kNeedFree = true;
65 void* Malloc(size_t size) {
66 if (size) // behavior of malloc(0) is implementation defined.
67 return std::malloc(size);
68 else
69 return NULL; // standardize to returning NULL.
70 }
71 void* Realloc(void* originalPtr, size_t originalSize, size_t newSize) {
72 (void)originalSize;
73 if (newSize == 0) {
74 std::free(originalPtr);
75 return NULL;
76 }
77 return std::realloc(originalPtr, newSize);
78 }
79 static void Free(void *ptr) { std::free(ptr); }
80};
81
82///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
83// MemoryPoolAllocator
84
85//! Default memory allocator used by the parser and DOM.
86/*! This allocator allocate memory blocks from pre-allocated memory chunks.
87
88 It does not free memory blocks. And Realloc() only allocate new memory.
89
90 The memory chunks are allocated by BaseAllocator, which is CrtAllocator by default.
91
92 User may also supply a buffer as the first chunk.
93
94 If the user-buffer is full then additional chunks are allocated by BaseAllocator.
95
96 The user-buffer is not deallocated by this allocator.
97
98 \tparam BaseAllocator the allocator type for allocating memory chunks. Default is CrtAllocator.
99 \note implements Allocator concept
100*/
101template <typename BaseAllocator = CrtAllocator>
102class MemoryPoolAllocator {
103public:
104 static const bool kNeedFree = false; //!< Tell users that no need to call Free() with this allocator. (concept Allocator)
105
106 //! Constructor with chunkSize.
107 /*! \param chunkSize The size of memory chunk. The default is kDefaultChunkSize.
108 \param baseAllocator The allocator for allocating memory chunks.
109 */
110 MemoryPoolAllocator(size_t chunkSize = kDefaultChunkCapacity, BaseAllocator* baseAllocator = 0) :
111 chunkHead_(0), chunk_capacity_(chunkSize), userBuffer_(0), baseAllocator_(baseAllocator), ownBaseAllocator_(0)
112 {
113 }
114
115 //! Constructor with user-supplied buffer.
116 /*! The user buffer will be used firstly. When it is full, memory pool allocates new chunk with chunk size.
117
118 The user buffer will not be deallocated when this allocator is destructed.
119
120 \param buffer User supplied buffer.
121 \param size Size of the buffer in bytes. It must at least larger than sizeof(ChunkHeader).
122 \param chunkSize The size of memory chunk. The default is kDefaultChunkSize.
123 \param baseAllocator The allocator for allocating memory chunks.
124 */
125 MemoryPoolAllocator(void *buffer, size_t size, size_t chunkSize = kDefaultChunkCapacity, BaseAllocator* baseAllocator = 0) :
126 chunkHead_(0), chunk_capacity_(chunkSize), userBuffer_(buffer), baseAllocator_(baseAllocator), ownBaseAllocator_(0)
127 {
128 RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(buffer != 0);
129 RAPIDJSON_ASSERT(size > sizeof(ChunkHeader));
130 chunkHead_ = reinterpret_cast<ChunkHeader*>(buffer);
131 chunkHead_->capacity = size - sizeof(ChunkHeader);
132 chunkHead_->size = 0;
133 chunkHead_->next = 0;
134 }
135
136 //! Destructor.
137 /*! This deallocates all memory chunks, excluding the user-supplied buffer.
138 */
139 ~MemoryPoolAllocator() {
140 Clear();
141 RAPIDJSON_DELETE(ownBaseAllocator_);
142 }
143
144 //! Deallocates all memory chunks, excluding the user-supplied buffer.
145 void Clear() {
146 while (chunkHead_ && chunkHead_ != userBuffer_) {
147 ChunkHeader* next = chunkHead_->next;
148 baseAllocator_->Free(chunkHead_);
149 chunkHead_ = next;
150 }
151 if (chunkHead_ && chunkHead_ == userBuffer_)
152 chunkHead_->size = 0; // Clear user buffer
153 }
154
155 //! Computes the total capacity of allocated memory chunks.
156 /*! \return total capacity in bytes.
157 */
158 size_t Capacity() const {
159 size_t capacity = 0;
160 for (ChunkHeader* c = chunkHead_; c != 0; c = c->next)
161 capacity += c->capacity;
162 return capacity;
163 }
164
165 //! Computes the memory blocks allocated.
166 /*! \return total used bytes.
167 */
168 size_t Size() const {
169 size_t size = 0;
170 for (ChunkHeader* c = chunkHead_; c != 0; c = c->next)
171 size += c->size;
172 return size;
173 }
174
175 //! Allocates a memory block. (concept Allocator)
176 void* Malloc(size_t size) {
177 if (!size)
178 return NULL;
179
180 size = RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(size);
181 if (chunkHead_ == 0 || chunkHead_->size + size > chunkHead_->capacity)
182 if (!AddChunk(chunk_capacity_ > size ? chunk_capacity_ : size))
183 return NULL;
184
185 void *buffer = reinterpret_cast<char *>(chunkHead_) + RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(sizeof(ChunkHeader)) + chunkHead_->size;
186 chunkHead_->size += size;
187 return buffer;
188 }
189
190 //! Resizes a memory block (concept Allocator)
191 void* Realloc(void* originalPtr, size_t originalSize, size_t newSize) {
192 if (originalPtr == 0)
193 return Malloc(newSize);
194
195 if (newSize == 0)
196 return NULL;
197
198 originalSize = RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(originalSize);
199 newSize = RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(newSize);
200
201 // Do not shrink if new size is smaller than original
202 if (originalSize >= newSize)
203 return originalPtr;
204
205 // Simply expand it if it is the last allocation and there is sufficient space
206 if (originalPtr == reinterpret_cast<char *>(chunkHead_) + RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(sizeof(ChunkHeader)) + chunkHead_->size - originalSize) {
207 size_t increment = static_cast<size_t>(newSize - originalSize);
208 if (chunkHead_->size + increment <= chunkHead_->capacity) {
209 chunkHead_->size += increment;
210 return originalPtr;
211 }
212 }
213
214 // Realloc process: allocate and copy memory, do not free original buffer.
215 if (void* newBuffer = Malloc(newSize)) {
216 if (originalSize)
217 std::memcpy(newBuffer, originalPtr, originalSize);
218 return newBuffer;
219 }
220 else
221 return NULL;
222 }
223
224 //! Frees a memory block (concept Allocator)
225 static void Free(void *ptr) { (void)ptr; } // Do nothing
226
227private:
228 //! Copy constructor is not permitted.
229 MemoryPoolAllocator(const MemoryPoolAllocator& rhs) /* = delete */;
230 //! Copy assignment operator is not permitted.
231 MemoryPoolAllocator& operator=(const MemoryPoolAllocator& rhs) /* = delete */;
232
233 //! Creates a new chunk.
234 /*! \param capacity Capacity of the chunk in bytes.
235 \return true if success.
236 */
237 bool AddChunk(size_t capacity) {
238 if (!baseAllocator_)
239 ownBaseAllocator_ = baseAllocator_ = RAPIDJSON_NEW(BaseAllocator)();
240 if (ChunkHeader* chunk = reinterpret_cast<ChunkHeader*>(baseAllocator_->Malloc(RAPIDJSON_ALIGN(sizeof(ChunkHeader)) + capacity))) {
241 chunk->capacity = capacity;
242 chunk->size = 0;
243 chunk->next = chunkHead_;
244 chunkHead_ = chunk;
245 return true;
246 }
247 else
248 return false;
249 }
250
251 static const int kDefaultChunkCapacity = 64 * 1024; //!< Default chunk capacity.
252
253 //! Chunk header for perpending to each chunk.
254 /*! Chunks are stored as a singly linked list.
255 */
256 struct ChunkHeader {
257 size_t capacity; //!< Capacity of the chunk in bytes (excluding the header itself).
258 size_t size; //!< Current size of allocated memory in bytes.
259 ChunkHeader *next; //!< Next chunk in the linked list.
260 };
261
262 ChunkHeader *chunkHead_; //!< Head of the chunk linked-list. Only the head chunk serves allocation.
263 size_t chunk_capacity_; //!< The minimum capacity of chunk when they are allocated.
264 void *userBuffer_; //!< User supplied buffer.
265 BaseAllocator* baseAllocator_; //!< base allocator for allocating memory chunks.
266 BaseAllocator* ownBaseAllocator_; //!< base allocator created by this object.
267};
268
269RAPIDJSON_NAMESPACE_END
270
271#endif // RAPIDJSON_ENCODINGS_H_
272