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1/* Verify that ftell returns the correct value at various points before and
2 after the handler on which it is called becomes active.
3 Copyright (C) 2014-2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4 This file is part of the GNU C Library.
5
6 The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7 modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8 License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9 version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10
11 The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14 Lesser General Public License for more details.
15
16 You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17 License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
18 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
19
20#include <stdio.h>
21#include <stdlib.h>
22#include <string.h>
23#include <errno.h>
24#include <unistd.h>
25#include <fcntl.h>
26#include <locale.h>
27#include <wchar.h>
28
29static int do_test (void);
30
31#define TEST_FUNCTION do_test ()
32#include "../test-skeleton.c"
33
34#define get_handles_fdopen(filename, fd, fp, fd_mode, mode) \
35({ \
36 int ret = 0; \
37 (fd) = open ((filename), (fd_mode), 0); \
38 if ((fd) == -1) \
39 { \
40 printf ("open failed: %m\n"); \
41 ret = 1; \
42 } \
43 else \
44 { \
45 (fp) = fdopen ((fd), (mode)); \
46 if ((fp) == NULL) \
47 { \
48 printf ("fdopen failed: %m\n"); \
49 close (fd); \
50 ret = 1; \
51 } \
52 } \
53 ret; \
54})
55
56#define get_handles_fopen(filename, fd, fp, mode) \
57({ \
58 int ret = 0; \
59 (fp) = fopen ((filename), (mode)); \
60 if ((fp) == NULL) \
61 { \
62 printf ("fopen failed: %m\n"); \
63 ret = 1; \
64 } \
65 else \
66 { \
67 (fd) = fileno (fp); \
68 if ((fd) == -1) \
69 { \
70 printf ("fileno failed: %m\n"); \
71 ret = 1; \
72 } \
73 } \
74 ret; \
75})
76
77/* data points to either char_data or wide_data, depending on whether we're
78 testing regular file mode or wide mode respectively. Similarly,
79 fputs_func points to either fputs or fputws. data_len keeps track of the
80 length of the current data and file_len maintains the current file
81 length. */
82static const void *data;
83static const char *char_data = "abcdef";
84static const wchar_t *wide_data = L"abcdef";
85static size_t data_len;
86static size_t file_len;
87
88typedef int (*fputs_func_t) (const void *data, FILE *fp);
89typedef void *(*fgets_func_t) (void *ws, int n, FILE *fp);
90fputs_func_t fputs_func;
91fgets_func_t fgets_func;
92
93/* This test verifies that the offset reported by ftell is correct after the
94 file is truncated using ftruncate. ftruncate does not change the file
95 offset on truncation and hence, SEEK_CUR should continue to point to the
96 old offset and not be changed to the new offset. */
97static int
98do_ftruncate_test (const char *filename)
99{
100 FILE *fp = NULL;
101 int fd;
102 int ret = 0;
103 struct test
104 {
105 const char *mode;
106 int fd_mode;
107 } test_modes[] = {
108 {"r+", O_RDWR},
109 {"w", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC},
110 {"w+", O_RDWR | O_TRUNC},
111 {"a", O_WRONLY},
112 {"a+", O_RDWR}
113 };
114
115 for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
116 {
117 for (int i = 0; i < sizeof (test_modes) / sizeof (struct test); i++)
118 {
119 int fileret;
120 printf ("\tftruncate: %s (file, \"%s\"): ",
121 j == 0 ? "fopen" : "fdopen",
122 test_modes[i].mode);
123
124 if (j == 0)
125 fileret = get_handles_fopen (filename, fd, fp, test_modes[i].mode);
126 else
127 fileret = get_handles_fdopen (filename, fd, fp,
128 test_modes[i].fd_mode,
129 test_modes[i].mode);
130
131 if (fileret != 0)
132 return fileret;
133
134 /* Write some data. */
135 size_t written = fputs_func (data, fp);
136
137 if (written == EOF)
138 {
139 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write data\n");
140 ret |= 1;
141 }
142
143 /* Record the offset. */
144 long offset = ftell (fp);
145
146 /* Flush data to allow switching active handles. */
147 if (fflush (fp))
148 {
149 printf ("Flush failed: %m\n");
150 ret |= 1;
151 }
152
153 /* Now truncate the file. */
154 if (ftruncate (fd, 0) != 0)
155 {
156 printf ("Failed to truncate file: %m\n");
157 ret |= 1;
158 }
159
160 /* ftruncate does not change the offset, so there is no need to call
161 anything to be able to switch active handles. */
162 long new_offset = ftell (fp);
163
164 /* The offset should remain unchanged since ftruncate does not update
165 it. */
166 if (offset != new_offset)
167 {
168 printf ("Incorrect offset. Expected %ld, but got %ld\n",
169 offset, new_offset);
170
171 ret |= 1;
172 }
173 else
174 printf ("offset = %ld\n", offset);
175
176 fclose (fp);
177 }
178 }
179
180 return ret;
181}
182/* Test that ftell output after a rewind is correct. */
183static int
184do_rewind_test (const char *filename)
185{
186 int ret = 0;
187 struct test
188 {
189 const char *mode;
190 int fd_mode;
191 size_t old_off;
192 size_t new_off;
193 } test_modes[] = {
194 {"w", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, 0, data_len},
195 {"w+", O_RDWR | O_TRUNC, 0, data_len},
196 {"r+", O_RDWR, 0, data_len},
197 /* The new offsets for 'a' and 'a+' modes have to factor in the
198 previous writes since they always append to the end of the
199 file. */
200 {"a", O_WRONLY, 0, 3 * data_len},
201 {"a+", O_RDWR, 0, 4 * data_len},
202 };
203
204 /* Empty the file before the test so that our offsets are simple to
205 calculate. */
206 FILE *fp = fopen (filename, "w");
207 if (fp == NULL)
208 {
209 printf ("Failed to open file for emptying\n");
210 return 1;
211 }
212 fclose (fp);
213
214 for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
215 {
216 for (int i = 0; i < sizeof (test_modes) / sizeof (struct test); i++)
217 {
218 FILE *fp;
219 int fd;
220 int fileret;
221
222 printf ("\trewind: %s (file, \"%s\"): ", j == 0 ? "fdopen" : "fopen",
223 test_modes[i].mode);
224
225 if (j == 0)
226 fileret = get_handles_fdopen (filename, fd, fp,
227 test_modes[i].fd_mode,
228 test_modes[i].mode);
229 else
230 fileret = get_handles_fopen (filename, fd, fp, test_modes[i].mode);
231
232 if (fileret != 0)
233 return fileret;
234
235 /* Write some content to the file, rewind and ensure that the ftell
236 output after the rewind is 0. POSIX does not specify what the
237 behavior is when a file is rewound in 'a' mode, so we retain
238 current behavior, which is to keep the 0 offset. */
239 size_t written = fputs_func (data, fp);
240
241 if (written == EOF)
242 {
243 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write data\n");
244 ret |= 1;
245 }
246
247 rewind (fp);
248 long offset = ftell (fp);
249
250 if (offset != test_modes[i].old_off)
251 {
252 printf ("Incorrect old offset. Expected %zu, but got %ld, ",
253 test_modes[i].old_off, offset);
254 ret |= 1;
255 }
256 else
257 printf ("old offset = %ld, ", offset);
258
259 written = fputs_func (data, fp);
260
261 if (written == EOF)
262 {
263 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write data\n");
264 ret |= 1;
265 }
266
267 /* After this write, the offset in append modes should factor in the
268 implicit lseek to the end of file. */
269 offset = ftell (fp);
270 if (offset != test_modes[i].new_off)
271 {
272 printf ("Incorrect new offset. Expected %zu, but got %ld\n",
273 test_modes[i].new_off, offset);
274 ret |= 1;
275 }
276 else
277 printf ("new offset = %ld\n", offset);
278 }
279 }
280 return ret;
281}
282
283/* Test that the value of ftell is not cached when the stream handle is not
284 active. */
285static int
286do_ftell_test (const char *filename)
287{
288 int ret = 0;
289 struct test
290 {
291 const char *mode;
292 int fd_mode;
293 size_t old_off;
294 size_t new_off;
295 size_t eof_off;
296 } test_modes[] = {
297 /* In w, w+ and r+ modes, the file position should be at the
298 beginning of the file. After the write, the offset should be
299 updated to data_len. We don't use eof_off in w and a modes since
300 they don't allow reading. */
301 {"w", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, 0, data_len, 0},
302 {"w+", O_RDWR | O_TRUNC, 0, data_len, 2 * data_len},
303 {"r+", O_RDWR, 0, data_len, 3 * data_len},
304 /* For the 'a' mode, the initial file position should be the
305 current end of file. After the write, the offset has data_len
306 added to the old value. For a+ mode however, the initial file
307 position is the file position of the underlying file descriptor,
308 since it is initially assumed to be in read mode. */
309 {"a", O_WRONLY, 3 * data_len, 4 * data_len, 5 * data_len},
310 {"a+", O_RDWR, 0, 5 * data_len, 6 * data_len},
311 };
312 for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
313 {
314 for (int i = 0; i < sizeof (test_modes) / sizeof (struct test); i++)
315 {
316 FILE *fp;
317 int fd;
318 int fileret;
319
320 printf ("\tftell: %s (file, \"%s\"): ", j == 0 ? "fdopen" : "fopen",
321 test_modes[i].mode);
322
323 if (j == 0)
324 fileret = get_handles_fdopen (filename, fd, fp,
325 test_modes[i].fd_mode,
326 test_modes[i].mode);
327 else
328 fileret = get_handles_fopen (filename, fd, fp, test_modes[i].mode);
329
330 if (fileret != 0)
331 return fileret;
332
333 long off = ftell (fp);
334 if (off != test_modes[i].old_off)
335 {
336 printf ("Incorrect old offset. Expected %zu but got %ld, ",
337 test_modes[i].old_off, off);
338 ret |= 1;
339 }
340 else
341 printf ("old offset = %ld, ", off);
342
343 /* The effect of this write on the offset should be seen in the ftell
344 call that follows it. */
345 int write_ret = write (fd, data, data_len);
346 if (write_ret != data_len)
347 {
348 printf ("write failed (%m)\n");
349 ret |= 1;
350 }
351 off = ftell (fp);
352
353 if (off != test_modes[i].new_off)
354 {
355 printf ("Incorrect new offset. Expected %zu but got %ld",
356 test_modes[i].new_off, off);
357 ret |= 1;
358 }
359 else
360 printf ("new offset = %ld", off);
361
362 /* Read to the end, write some data to the fd and check if ftell can
363 see the new ofset. Do this test only for files that allow
364 reading. */
365 if (test_modes[i].fd_mode != O_WRONLY)
366 {
367 wchar_t tmpbuf[data_len];
368
369 rewind (fp);
370
371 while (fgets_func (tmpbuf, data_len, fp) && !feof (fp));
372
373 write_ret = write (fd, data, data_len);
374 if (write_ret != data_len)
375 {
376 printf ("write failed (%m)\n");
377 ret |= 1;
378 }
379 off = ftell (fp);
380
381 if (off != test_modes[i].eof_off)
382 {
383 printf (", Incorrect offset after read EOF. "
384 "Expected %zu but got %ld\n",
385 test_modes[i].eof_off, off);
386 ret |= 1;
387 }
388 else
389 printf (", offset after EOF = %ld\n", off);
390 }
391 else
392 putc ('\n', stdout);
393
394 fclose (fp);
395 }
396 }
397
398 return ret;
399}
400
401/* This test opens the file for writing, moves the file offset of the
402 underlying file, writes out data and then checks if ftell trips on it. */
403static int
404do_write_test (const char *filename)
405{
406 FILE *fp = NULL;
407 int fd;
408 int ret = 0;
409 struct test
410 {
411 const char *mode;
412 int fd_mode;
413 } test_modes[] = {
414 {"w", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC},
415 {"w+", O_RDWR | O_TRUNC},
416 {"r+", O_RDWR}
417 };
418
419 for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
420 {
421 for (int i = 0; i < sizeof (test_modes) / sizeof (struct test); i++)
422 {
423 int fileret;
424 printf ("\twrite: %s (file, \"%s\"): ", j == 0 ? "fopen" : "fdopen",
425 test_modes[i].mode);
426
427 if (j == 0)
428 fileret = get_handles_fopen (filename, fd, fp, test_modes[i].mode);
429 else
430 fileret = get_handles_fdopen (filename, fd, fp,
431 test_modes[i].fd_mode,
432 test_modes[i].mode);
433
434 if (fileret != 0)
435 return fileret;
436
437 /* Move offset to just before the end of the file. */
438 off_t seek_ret = lseek (fd, file_len - 1, SEEK_SET);
439 if (seek_ret == -1)
440 {
441 printf ("lseek failed: %m\n");
442 ret |= 1;
443 }
444
445 /* Write some data. */
446 size_t written = fputs_func (data, fp);
447
448 if (written == EOF)
449 {
450 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write data\n");
451 ret |= 1;
452 }
453
454 /* Verify that the offset points to the end of the file. The length
455 of the file would be the original length + the length of data
456 written to it - the amount by which we moved the offset using
457 lseek. */
458 long offset = ftell (fp);
459 file_len = file_len - 1 + data_len;
460
461 if (offset != file_len)
462 {
463 printf ("Incorrect offset. Expected %zu, but got %ld\n",
464 file_len, offset);
465
466 ret |= 1;
467 }
468
469 printf ("offset = %ld\n", offset);
470 fclose (fp);
471 }
472 }
473
474 return ret;
475}
476
477/* This test opens a file in append mode, writes some data, and then verifies
478 that ftell does not trip over it. */
479static int
480do_append_test (const char *filename)
481{
482 FILE *fp = NULL;
483 int ret = 0;
484 int fd;
485
486 struct test
487 {
488 const char *mode;
489 int fd_mode;
490 } test_modes[] = {
491 {"a", O_WRONLY},
492 {"a+", O_RDWR}
493 };
494
495 for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
496 {
497 for (int i = 0; i < sizeof (test_modes) / sizeof (struct test); i++)
498 {
499 int fileret;
500
501 printf ("\tappend: %s (file, \"%s\"): ", j == 0 ? "fopen" : "fdopen",
502 test_modes[i].mode);
503
504 if (j == 0)
505 fileret = get_handles_fopen (filename, fd, fp, test_modes[i].mode);
506 else
507 fileret = get_handles_fdopen (filename, fd, fp,
508 test_modes[i].fd_mode,
509 test_modes[i].mode);
510
511 if (fileret != 0)
512 return fileret;
513
514 /* Write some data. */
515 size_t written = fputs_func (data, fp);
516
517 if (written == EOF)
518 {
519 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write all data\n");
520 ret |= 1;
521 }
522
523 /* Verify that the offset points to the end of the file. The file
524 len is maintained by adding data_len each time to reflect the data
525 written to it. */
526 long offset = ftell (fp);
527 file_len += data_len;
528
529 if (offset != file_len)
530 {
531 printf ("Incorrect offset. Expected %zu, but got %ld\n",
532 file_len, offset);
533
534 ret |= 1;
535 }
536
537 printf ("offset = %ld\n", offset);
538 fclose (fp);
539 }
540 }
541
542 /* For fdopen in 'a' mode, the file descriptor should not change if the file
543 is already open with the O_APPEND flag set. */
544 fd = open (filename, O_WRONLY | O_APPEND, 0);
545 if (fd == -1)
546 {
547 printf ("open(O_APPEND) failed: %m\n");
548 return 1;
549 }
550
551 off_t seek_ret = lseek (fd, file_len - 1, SEEK_SET);
552 if (seek_ret == -1)
553 {
554 printf ("lseek[O_APPEND][0] failed: %m\n");
555 ret |= 1;
556 }
557
558 fp = fdopen (fd, "a");
559 if (fp == NULL)
560 {
561 printf ("fdopen(O_APPEND) failed: %m\n");
562 close (fd);
563 return 1;
564 }
565
566 off_t new_seek_ret = lseek (fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
567 if (seek_ret == -1)
568 {
569 printf ("lseek[O_APPEND][1] failed: %m\n");
570 ret |= 1;
571 }
572
573 printf ("\tappend: fdopen (file, \"a\"): O_APPEND: ");
574
575 if (seek_ret != new_seek_ret)
576 {
577 printf ("incorrectly modified file offset to %jd, should be %jd",
578 (intmax_t) new_seek_ret, (intmax_t) seek_ret);
579 ret |= 1;
580 }
581 else
582 printf ("retained current file offset %jd", (intmax_t) seek_ret);
583
584 new_seek_ret = ftello (fp);
585
586 if (seek_ret != new_seek_ret)
587 {
588 printf (", ftello reported incorrect offset %jd, should be %jd\n",
589 (intmax_t) new_seek_ret, (intmax_t) seek_ret);
590 ret |= 1;
591 }
592 else
593 printf (", ftello reported correct offset %jd\n", (intmax_t) seek_ret);
594
595 fclose (fp);
596
597 return ret;
598}
599
600static int
601do_one_test (const char *filename)
602{
603 int ret = 0;
604
605 ret |= do_ftell_test (filename);
606 ret |= do_write_test (filename);
607 ret |= do_append_test (filename);
608 ret |= do_rewind_test (filename);
609 ret |= do_ftruncate_test (filename);
610
611 return ret;
612}
613
614/* Run a set of tests for ftell for regular files and wide mode files. */
615static int
616do_test (void)
617{
618 int ret = 0;
619 FILE *fp = NULL;
620 char *filename;
621 size_t written;
622 int fd = create_temp_file ("tst-active-handler-tmp.", &filename);
623
624 if (fd == -1)
625 {
626 printf ("create_temp_file: %m\n");
627 return 1;
628 }
629
630 fp = fdopen (fd, "w");
631 if (fp == NULL)
632 {
633 printf ("fdopen[0]: %m\n");
634 close (fd);
635 return 1;
636 }
637
638 data = char_data;
639 data_len = strlen (char_data);
640 file_len = strlen (char_data);
641 written = fputs (data, fp);
642
643 if (written == EOF)
644 {
645 printf ("fputs[1] failed to write data\n");
646 ret = 1;
647 }
648
649 fclose (fp);
650 if (ret)
651 return ret;
652
653 /* Tests for regular files. */
654 puts ("Regular mode:");
655 fputs_func = (fputs_func_t) fputs;
656 fgets_func = (fgets_func_t) fgets;
657 data = char_data;
658 data_len = strlen (char_data);
659 ret |= do_one_test (filename);
660
661 /* Truncate the file before repeating the tests in wide mode. */
662 fp = fopen (filename, "w");
663 if (fp == NULL)
664 {
665 printf ("fopen failed %m\n");
666 return 1;
667 }
668 fclose (fp);
669
670 /* Tests for wide files. */
671 puts ("Wide mode:");
672 if (setlocale (LC_ALL, "en_US.UTF-8") == NULL)
673 {
674 printf ("Cannot set en_US.UTF-8 locale.\n");
675 return 1;
676 }
677 fputs_func = (fputs_func_t) fputws;
678 fgets_func = (fgets_func_t) fgetws;
679 data = wide_data;
680 data_len = wcslen (wide_data);
681 ret |= do_one_test (filename);
682
683 return ret;
684}
685

Warning: That file was not part of the compilation database. It may have many parsing errors.